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U.S. Navy SEAL Teams Are Born On January 1, 1962

U.S. Navy SEAL Teams Are Born On January 1, 1962

U.S. Navy SEAL Teams Are Born On January 1, 1962: On this day in 1962 is the official date of the beginning of the United States Navy’s Sea, Air and Land Teams (SEAL) as President John Kennedy established the Navy’s Unconventional Warfare unit. SEAL teams are designed to conduct direct action missions from any environment.

Although the official date for the SEAL Teams is in 1962, they were actually tied to units in World War II that they owe their lineage to. Less than a year after Pearl Harbor, the Navy recognized the need for dedicated beach reconnaissance. The Amphibious Scout and Raider School was established at Little Creek, Virginia and contained both Navy and Army personnel. This first group of special operators also contained Phil Bucklew, who is considered the father of all Navy Special Operations.

And while most people think of the work that the Navy’s beach clearing operations in the Pacific, they also conducted operations in every major amphibious landing in the European theater. They were instrumental in leading the way for amphibious forces in North Africa, Sicily, Salerno, Anzio, Normandy on D-Day, and the landings in Southern France.

The Navy also developed Navy Combat Demolition Units (NCDU) which would blow gaps in beach defenses for amphibious forces to breach during invasions. NCDUs suffered a large number of casualties during D-Day. While in the Pacific they created Underwater Demolition Teams (UDT). The UDTs rewrote the manuals of the NCDUs and wore just swimming trunks (UDT shorts), fins, masks, and a combat knife. They, contrary to orders would get out of their boats to conduct their missions and thus became known as the “naked warriors”.

UDT swimmers conducted operations at Eniwetok, Saipan, Kwajalein, Tinian, Guam, Angaur, Ulithi, Peleliu, Leyte, Lingayen Gulf, Zambales, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Labuan, and Brunei Bay. During the Korean War UDTs would perform operations all long the Korean coastlines and they targeted bridges, mines, and scouted out the landings at Inchon.

U.S. Navy SEAL Teams Are Born On January 1, 1962

It should be noted that OSS (Office of Strategic Services) had its own Maritime Unit. And many of the missions we think of SEALs today were actually conducted by the special operations unit then. The OSS Maritime Unit conducted operations using newly improved fins, masks, SCUBA (self-contained, underwater breathing apparatus), the use of Swimmer Delivery Vehicles and conducted the first submarine lockout.

As the war in Vietnam was still in its infancy stage for the Americans, President Kennedy recognized what kind of a war it would eventually become. He helped get the U.S. Army Special Forces the recognition it needed to expand the Army’s Unconventional Warfare capabilities. He foresaw the same need for the U.S. Navy. While making the speech about putting a man on the moon, he spoke about spending $100 million dollars to strengthen the U.S. UW capability. However, while he was the one signing the SEAL Teams into existence, the Navy had already been working on expanding the role of UDTs for several years.

SEAL Teams One and Two deployed to Vietnam to operate in the deltas and thousands of rivers and canals in the country to try to effectively disrupt the enemy’s lines of communication.

SEALs advised and trained Vietnamese forces, such as the LDNN (Vietnamese SEALs) and conducted their own brand of UW. These Navy commandos also perfected the art of nighttime Direct Action missions such as ambushes and raids to capture prisoners of high intelligence value. These are considered the bread-and-butter of the SEAL forces today.

During the war, the intelligence gathering for the troops was generally poor, it was then that SEALs and Green Berets would begin gathering their own intelligence. It was then that the value of the intel gathered by these Special Operators rose up quickly. Both Army and Navy Special Operators would serve together along with CIA personnel in the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observation Group (MACVSOG).

U.S. Navy SEAL Teams Are Born On January 1, 1962

These men while representing less than 1 percent of the ground forces in Vietnam, produced about 75 percent of all the usable intelligence for the troops in the country.

After Vietnam, the SEAL Teams would expand during the buildup of Special Operations forces in the 1980s. SEALs would serve in the battles in Grenada, Panama, the first Persian Gulf war with Iran, Somalia, Afghanistan after 9/11, Iraq and in Syria. They’ve also been involved in more low-visibility operations in the Philippines, in the Horn of Africa and countless other third-world countries where Special Operations Troops generally work in the shadows.

But two of the missions that SEALs have conducted have become mainstream news items. One was conducted in April of 2009 when Somali pirates took over the U.S. ship the Maersk Alabama. The pirates had taken the Captain of the Alabama, Richard Phillips hostage and they were in a lifeboat being towed behind the USS Bainbridge. SEALs from DEVGRU were alerted and transported to the Navy ships in the Area. Then, in a tremendous feat of marksmanship while on the open seas, DEVGRU snipers took out the pirates, each with a headshot.

During the early morning hours of May 1, 2011, in the country of Pakistan that is where SEALs of DEVGRU (Naval Special Warfare Development Group) were alerted after CIA intelligence pinpointed the location of Osama bin Laden

In a combined operation with CIA assets on the ground in Abbottabad, Pakistan about 35 miles from Islamabad, Pakistan, DEVGRU SEALs infiltrated into the target area using specially designed “stealth” Blackhawk helicopters landed in the compound that bin Laden had been hiding in, with members of his family. They quickly moved thru the facility and killed bin Laden and brought out his body and several of his computers in a tremendous intelligence coup.

Since the initial Iraq War in Desert Storm and thru the on-going Global War on Terror (GWOT), over 80 SEALs have given their lives in the service of our country. Today, there are 10 SEAL Teams and a SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team deployed everywhere around the globe.

SOPREP Military Culture, Foreign Policy & Defense News / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / Navy Seals / / U.S. Navy SEAL Teams Are Born On January 1, 1962 (YouTube) video

General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill on January 01, 1776

General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill on January 01, 1776

General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill: On January 01, 1776, the Continental Army was reorganized in accordance with a Congressional resolution which placed American forces under George Washington's control. On that New Year's Day the Continental Army was laying siege to Boston which had been taken over by the British Army. Washington ordered the Grand Union flag hoisted above his base at Prospect Hill “in compliment of the United Colonies”.

In Boston, on that New Year's Day, the Loyalists (supporters of Britain) had been circulating a recent King George speech, offering the Continental forces favorable terms if they laid down their arms.

These Loyalists were convinced that the King's speech had impressed the Continentals into surrendering - as a sign of the Continentals' “surrender”, the Loyalists mistook the flying of the Grand Union flag over Prospect Hill as a show of respect to King George.

In fact, however, the Continentals knew nothing of the speech until later. Washington wrote in a letter dated January 4:

“By this time, I presume, they begin to think it strange we have not made a formal surrender of our lines.”

General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill on January 01, 1776

Obviously a new flag was needed.

According to Betsy Ross's dates and sequence of events, in May the Congressional Committee called upon her at her shop. She finished the flag either in late May or early June 1776. In July, the Declaration of Independence was read aloud for the first time at Independence Hall. Amid celebration, bells throughout the city tolled, heralding the birth of a new nation.

Much suffering and loss of life would result, however, before the United States would completely sever ties with Britain. Betsy Ross herself lost two husbands to the Revolutionary War. During the conflict the British appropriated her house to lodge soldiers. Through it all she managed to run her own upholstery business (which she continued operating for several decades after the war) and after the soldiers left, she wove cloth pouches which were used to hold gunpowder for the Continentals. (See The Story of Betsy Ross's Life for more information.)

(See “The Story of Betsy Ross's Life” for more information.)

General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill on January 01, 1776

On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress, seeking to promote national pride and unity, adopted the national flag.

“Resolved: that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation.”

United States / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / Encyclopedia Britannica / Massachusetts Historical / North American Vexillological Association (NAVA).org / U.S. Government / Mulder Media / General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill on January 01, 1776 (YouTube) video

Understanding Military Terminology: At the Marine Corps Museum: Norman Rockwell's “The War Hero”

Understanding Military Terminology

Ready Reserve

(DOD) The Selected Reserve and Individual Ready Reserve liable for active duty as prescribed by law (Title 10, United States Code, Sections 10142, 12301, and 12302).

See also Active Duty; Individual Ready Reserve; Selected Reserve.

Joint Publications (JP 4-05) Joint Mobilization Planning

Ready-To-Load Date

(DOD) The date when a unit will be ready to move from the origin, i.e., mobilization station.

Also called RLD.

Joint Publications (JP 5-0) Joint Planning, 01 December 2020

Realistic Military Training

(DOD) Department of Defense training conducted off federal property utilizing private or non-federal public property and infrastructure.

Joint Publications (DODI 1322.28) Executive Services Directorate

Real Property

(DOD) Lands, buildings, structures, utilities systems, improvements, and appurtenances, thereto that includes equipment attached to and made part of buildings and structures, but not movable equipment.

See also National Military Strategy.

Joint Publications (JP 3-34) Joint Engineer Operations

Joint Publication - Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

Norman Rockwell: Sailor Dreaming of Girlfriend

The Old Salt’s Corner

John Masefield Sea Fever Poem (Poetry

Sea Fever

I must go down to the seas again, to the lonely sea and the sky,

And all I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by,

And the wheel's kick and the wind's song and the white sail's shaking,

And a gray mist on the sea's face, and a gray dawn breaking.

I must go down to the seas again, for the call of the running tide

Is a wild call and a clear call that may not be denied;

And all I ask is a windy day with the white clouds flying,

And the flung spray and the blown spume, and the sea-gulls crying..

I must go down to the seas again, to the vagrant gypsy life,

To the gull's way and the whale's way, where the wind's like a whetted knife;

And all I ask is a merry yarn from a laughing fellow-rover,

And quiet sleep and a sweet dream when the long trick's over.

~ John Masefield

“I’m Just Sayin’”

“I’m Just Sayin”

“Nature never did betray the heart that loved her.”

“To me the meanest flower that blows can give thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears.”

“The flower that smells the sweetest is shy and lowly.”

“The ocean is a mighty harmonist.”

“A simple child that lightly draws it's breath and feels its life in every limb.

What should it know of death?”

“What we need is not the will to believe,

but the wish to find out.”

“That though the radiance which was once so bright be now forever taken from my sight.

Though nothing can bring back the hour of splendor in the grass,

glory in the flower.

We will grieve not,

rather find strength in what remains behind.”

“Life is divided into three terms -

that which was,

which is,

and which will be.

Let us learn from the past to profit by the present,

and from the present,

To live better in the future.”

~ William Wordsworth

“Thought for the Day”

“Thought for the Day”

“A man is what he thinks about all day long.”

“All I have seen teaches me to trust the creator for all I have not seen.”

“The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling,

but in rising every time we fall.”

“For every minute you remain angry,

You give up sixty seconds of peace of mind.”

“What lies behind you and what lies in front of you,

pales in comparison to what lies inside of you.”

“The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling,

but in rising every time we fall.”

“Though we travel the world over to find the beautiful,

we must carry it with us or we find it not.”

~ Ralph Waldo Emerson

“What I Have Learned”

“What I Learned”

“Success usually comes to those who are too busy to be looking for it.”

“This world is but a canvas to our imagination.”

“Heaven is under our feet as well as over our heads.”

“Many men go fishing all of their lives without knowing that it is not fish they are after.”

“The price of anything is the amount of life you exchange for it.”

“There are a thousand hacking at the branches of evil to one who is striking at the root.”

“It's not what you look at that matters,

it's what you see.”

“Disobedience is the true foundation of liberty.

The obedient must be slaves.”

~ Henry David Thoreau

Why Does the New Year Start on January 1?

Mr. Answer Man Please Tell Us: Why Does the New Year Start on January 1?

In many countries the New Year begins on January 1. However, this wasn’t always the case. In fact, for centuries, other dates marked the start of the calendar, including March 25 and December 25. So how did January 1 become New Year’s Day?

We can partly thank the Roman king Numa Pompilius. According to tradition, during his reign (c. 715–673 BCE) Numa revised the Roman republican calendar so that January replaced March as the first month.

It was a fitting choice, since January was named after Janus, the Roman god of all beginnings; March celebrated Mars, the god of war. (Some sources claim that Numa also created the month of January.)

However, there is evidence that January 1 was not made the official start of the Roman year until 153 BCE.

Why Does the New Year Start on January 1?

In 46 BCE Julius Caesar introduced more changes, though the Julian calendar, as it became known, retained January 1 as the year’s opening date. With the expansion of the Roman Empire, the use of the Julian calendar also spread.

However, following the fall of Rome in the 5th century CE, many Christian countries altered the calendar so that it was more reflective of their religion, and March 25 (the Feast of the Annunciation) and December 25 (Christmas) became common New Year’s Days.

It later became clear that the Julian calendar required additional changes due to a miscalculation concerning leap years. The cumulative effect of this error over the course of several centuries caused various events to take place in the wrong season.

Why Does the New Year Start on January 1?

It also created problems when determining the date of Easter. Thus, introduced a revised calendar in 1582. In addition to solving the issue with leap years, the Gregorian calendar restored January 1 as the start of the New Year.

While Italy, France, and Spain were among the countries that immediately accepted the new calendar, Protestant and Orthodox nations were slow to adopt it.

Great Britain and its American colonies did not begin following the Gregorian calendar until 1752. Before then they celebrated New Year’s Day on March 25.

Over time non-Christian countries also began to use the Gregorian calendar. China (1912) is a notable example, though it continued to celebrate the Chinese New Year according to a lunar calendar.

In fact, many countries that follow the Gregorian calendar also have other traditional or religious calendars. Some nations never adopted the Gregorian calendar and thus start the year on dates other than January 1. Ethiopia, for example, celebrates its New Year (known as Enkutatash) in September.

Encyclopedia Britannica / Wikipedia / World History / Almanac / Connecticut State / History Channel / National Geographic / Why Does the New Year Start on January 1? (YouTube) video

NAVSPEAK aka U.S. Navy Slang - U.S. Navy

NAVSPEAK aka U.S. Navy Slang

XO: Executive Officer: The second-in-Command of a ship, aviation squadron or shore command, second in authority to the Commanding Officer.

XOI: Executive Officer's Inquiry: A step in the non-judicial punishment process in which the wayward sailor appears before the executive officer (XO). After hearing the details of the case, the XO may recommend dismissal or refer it to the Commanding Officer (CO) for “Mast”.

XO's Happy Hour: A daily, hour-long mandatory cleaning evolution. Usually introduced by XO on the 1MC.

X-Ray Fitting:

1. A hatch, scuttle or the like which in normal condition is closed both in-port and at-sea. (See material condition)

2. A room where contraband may be hidden or for sexual relations while at-sea. (See “Fan Room”)

3. Historically, where a chief petty officer would take subordinates to “make” them comply (using several punches to the face).

Xox (verb): To enter engineering log data suspiciously similar to the previous hour's log data. Derived from “xerox”.

Yardbird: A civilian shipyard worker.

YARFO: “You Ain't Reactor? Fuck Off.” This slogan was adopted by Reactor Departments on CVNs in response to the Aviation Ordnance slogan “IYAOYAS” (“If You Ain't Ordnance, You Ain't Shit” Pronounced “Eye-OH-Yahs”).

YGFBKM: “You've Got to Fucking Be Kidding Me!”

YGTBSM: “You've Got To Be Shitting Me!”

Just for MARINES - The Few. The Proud.

Just for you MARINE

YATYAS or YAT YAS: You ain't tracks, You ain't shit, an amtrac slogan or term for AAV Marines.

Yellow Leg: Marine, nickname given by North Korean Army in reference to Korean War-era discolored, yellow-looking leggings.

You-who: When an NCO or Higher wants the attention of a Junior/Boot and does not know his name.

Yut or Yut Yut: Stands for “Yelling Unnecessarily Things”. A motivational saying similar to Oorah.

Naval Aviation Squadron Nicknames

Naval Aviation Squadron Nicknames

HT-8 Helicopter Training (HT) Squadron EIGHT - nicknamed the “Eightballers”

United States Navy - Marine Corps Commander, Helicopter Training Air Wing FIVE - Naval Air Station Milton, Florida. / HTU-1: December 3, 1950-March 1957 / HTG-1: March 1957- July 1, 1960 / HT-8: July 1, 1960 – present

Where Did That Saying Come From

Where Did That Saying Come From?

Where Did That Saying Come From? “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing”

A little knowledge is a dangerous thing:

Meaning: The proverb “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing” expresses the idea that a small amount of knowledge can mislead people into thinking that they are more expert than they really are, which can lead to mistakes being made.

History: “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing” and “a little learning is a dangerous thing” have been used synonymously since the 18th century.

The “little learning” version is widely attributed to Alexander Pope (1688 - 1744). It is found in his An Essay on Criticism, 1709 and I can find no earlier example of the expression in print:

A little learning is a dangerous thing;

drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring:

there shallow draughts intoxicate the brain,

and drinking largely sobers us again.

The similarity of the two phrases is demonstrated by what appears to be an impromptu coining of “a little knowledge is a dangerous thing” in a piece in The monthly miscellany; or Gentleman and Lady's Complete Magazine, Vol II, 1774, in which the writer misquoted Pope:

Mr. Pope says, very truly, “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.”

Both Pope's original verse and the misquotation of it were pre-dated by a similar notion expressed by an anonymous author, signing himself “A B”, in the collection of letters published in 1698 as The Mystery of Phanaticism:

“Twas well observed by my Lord Bacon, That a little knowledge is apt to puff up, and make men giddy, but a greater share of it will set them right, and bring them to low and humble thoughts of themselves.”

Where Did That Saying Come From? “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing”

Again, there is a degree of misquotation here. “My Lord Bacon” was the English politician and philosopher Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban, and what he actually said, in his The Essays: Of Atheism, 1601, was:

“A little philosophy inclineth man’s mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men’s minds about to religion.”

So, who coined the phrase? It appears to have been a group effort. Bacon can be credited with the idea, Pope with the “learning” version and the mysterious “A B” with the “knowledge” version.

The number of writers who were stating variants of “a little learning is a dangerous thing” in early 18th England is probably a consequence of spread in the availability of scholarly works in English.

The Age of the Enlightenment, as the period was known, saw a growth in the interest of cultural and philosophical concerns amongst the middle classes.

Discussion of such topics had previously been conducted mainly in Latin and been the preserve of the elite.

The sight of the hoi-polloi having views on higher matters wasn't welcomed by those who had been classically schooled - hence “a little learning is a dangerous thing”.

Science & Technology

Science & Technology

Science & Technology

FEATURE: A unique stone-skipping-like trajectory of asteroid AletaiOverconfidence bolsters anti-scientific views, study finds

Physicists use quantum simulation tools to study, understand exotic state of matterNew fossil shows four-legged fishapod that returned to the water while Tiktaalik ventured onto landMammals were not the first to be warm-blooded

Human eggs remain healthy for decades by putting “batteries on standby mode”Highly collimated radio jets discovered around galaxy NGC 2663Researchers propose 80-80-80 target for national hypertension policy

Mouse study shows dopamine released in brain in response to hydrationWith just a tablespoon of blood, researchers aim to transform cancer treatmentAll-in-one solar-powered tower makes carbon-neutral jet fuel / MedicalXpress / TechXplore

Science & Technology

FEATURE: Gecko feet are coated in an ultra-thin layer of lipids that help them stay stickyHow a shape-shifting receptor influences cell growth

Researchers uncover life's power generators in the Earth's oldest groundwatersArctic temperatures are increasing four times faster than global warmingNanoparticle vaccine protects against a spectrum of COVID-19-causing variants and related viruses

8,000 kilometers per second: Star with the shortest orbital period around black hole discoveredNASA: Contact lost with spacecraft on way to test moon orbitA liquefied gas electrolyte to create temperature-resilient lithium-metal batteries

A wearable device to assist individuals with the rare genetic condition PIEZO2-LOFNew imaging technique allows researchers to see gene expression in brains of live mice in real timeCosmic radio pulses probe hidden matter around galaxies / MedicalXpress / TechXplore

Bizarre News (we couldn’t make up stuff this good – real news story)

Bizarre News (we couldn’t make up stuff this good - real news story)

Scientists transform water into shiny, golden metal

Scientists transform water into shiny, golden metal

In a mind-mending experiment, scientists transformed purified water into metal for a few fleeting seconds, thus allowing the liquid to conduct electricity.

Unfiltered water can already conduct electricity - meaning negatively charged electrons can easily flow between its molecules - because unfiltered water contains salts, according to a statement about the new study. However, purified water contains only water molecules, whose outermost electrons remain bound to their designated atoms, and thus, they can't flow freely through the water.

Theoretically, if one applied enough pressure to pure water, the water molecules would squish together and their valence shells, the outermost ring of electrons surrounding each atom, would overlap. This would allow the electrons to flow freely between each molecule and would technically turn the water into a metal.

Scientists transform water into shiny, golden metal

The problem is that, to squash water into this metallic state, one would need 15 million atmospheres of pressure (about 220 million psi), study author Pavel Jungwirth, a physical chemist at the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague, told Nature News & Comment. For this reason, geophysicists suspect that such water-turned-metal might exist in the cores of huge planets like Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus, according to Nature News.

But Jungwirth and his colleagues wondered whether they could turn water into metal through different means, without creating the ridiculous pressures found in Jupiter's core. They decided to use alkali metals, which include elements like sodium and potassium and hold only one electron in their valence shells. Alkali metals tend to “donate” this electron to other atoms when forming chemical bonds, because the “loss” of that lone electron makes the alkali metal more stable.

Alkali metals can explode when exposed to water, and Jungwirth and his colleagues have actually studied these dramatic reactions in the past, according to Cosmos Magazine. But they theorized that, if they could somehow avoid the explosion, they could borrow electrons from alkali metals and use those electrons to turn water metallic.

Scientists transform water into shiny, golden metal

In their new experiment, described in a report published Wednesday (July 28) in the journal Nature, the team did just that. In the experiment, they placed a syringe filled with sodium and potassium in a vacuum chamber, squeezed out small droplets of the metals, which are liquid at room-temperature, and then exposed said metal droplets to a tiny amount of water vapor. The water formed a 0.000003 inch (0.1 micrometer) film over the surface of the metal droplets, and immediately, electrons from the metals began rushing into the water.

For the experiment to work, the electrons had to move faster than an explosive reaction could take place, Jungwirth told Nature News. And once the electrons zoomed from the alkali metals to the water, an incredible thing happened: For a few short moments, the water turned a shiny, golden yellow color. Using spectroscopy, the team was able to show that the bright yellow water was in fact metallic.

“Our study not only shows that metallic water can indeed be produced on Earth, but also characterizes the spectroscopic properties associated with its beautiful golden metallic luster”, study author Robert Seidel, head of the Young Investigator Group at Humboldt University of Berlin, said in the statement. “You can see the phase transition to metallic water with the naked eye”, he added.

“It was amazing, like [when] you discover a new element”, Jungwirth told Nature News & Comment.

Related: The surprisingly strange physics of water

Liquid of life: Stats on how we use water (Infographic)

Where'd that bridge go? The 8 weirdest metal thefts

Wacky physics: The coolest little particles in nature

Live Science (08/10/2021) video

© CEASAR CHOPPY by cartoonist Marty Gavin - archives Ceasar Choppy's Navy! “© CEASAR CHOPPY” by Marty Gavin


“Fingertips (Part 2)” - Stevie Wonder 1963

“Fingertips (Part 2)” video - Stevie Wonder
Album: The 12 Year Old Genius (Recorded Live)
Released 1963 video

Fingertips (Part 2)video was the first live recording to hit #1 in the U.S., and it made Stevie Wonder the youngest artist ever to top the chart. The song has quite a story behind it. Wonder, just 12 years old, was part of a Motown package tour called “The Motortown Revue”, and was thrilling crowds with his high-energy performances.

On March 10, 1963, the Revue came to the Regal Theatre in Chicago, where Wonder's performance was recorded. On this night, he played a highly improvised version of his song “Fingertips”, which went on for about 10 minutes as the crowd went absolutely nuts and the stage manager, concerned because the show was running late, tried to get him off so the next act could perform.

Wonder fed off the crowd and kept going, even doing a little bit of “Mary Had a Little Lamb” on his harmonica. When Wonder ends the song (about 2:05 in), the band starts to clear the stage, and the band for the next act, The Marvelettes, hustles on. At this point, Wonder starts playing again, at which point you can hear The Marvelettes bass player Joe Swift ask “What key?” and the performance picks up again with a little encore played by at least some members of the new band.

Motown released the last three minutes of this performance as “Fingertips (Part 2)”, as the B-side of a different performance of the first part of “Fingertips”. Part 2 became the hit, and the single was quickly reissued with Part 2 as the A-side. The song went to #1 on August 10, 1963, when Wonder was 13. It spent three weeks at the top and launched him to stardom.

An instrumental studio version of “Fingertips” was inclua>'s first album, The Jazz Soul Of Little Stevie, in September 1962. The song was written by the Motown writers Hank Cosby and Clarence Paul. This version of the song is much more mellow, jazzier and flute-heavy than the famous live version, which plays up the horns and harmonica.

Wonder's first two albums were The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie and Tribute to Uncle Ray, both released in 1962 and intended to frame Stevie as a young Ray Charles. They didn't catch on, but in 1963 Motown released The 12 Year Old Genius (Recorded Live), with two sides of the “Fingertips” single (from different performances) edited together to make one song. The album hit #1 while the single was still topping the Hot 100, making Stevie Wonder the first artist with a #1 album and single at the same time. The song was also a #1 R&B hit at the time.

The words on this song were stuff Stevie Wonder came up with to engage the crowd - Part 1 of the song and the studio version are both instrumental.

This was only the second #1 hit for Motown Records. Their first was “Please Mr. Postmanvideo by The Marvelettes in 1961

A young Marvin Gaye played drums on this live recording. Gaye had already been a Motown session drummer for a couple of years, and amongst the hits he'd previously drummed on was The Marvelettes on Wonder #1 song “Please Mr. Postmanvideo.

Berry Gordy gave Wonder the name “Little Stevie Wonder” (his real name is Steveland Morris) and marketed him with Motown Records as a “Genius”. His talent was obvious, but it didn't translate to record, and his first three singles tanked.

It took a while for Wonder to develop a studio hit, but he quickly became a top live performer, thanks in part to his time in the youth choir at Whitestone Baptist Church in Detroit.

Fingertips (Part 2)video captured that live energy and established Wonder as a top vocalist and harmonica player, but as he grew up, he developed into a brilliant songwriter, producer and multi-instrumentalist. He dropped the “little” from his stage name in 1964.

Wonder got a lot of attention in the aftermath of this song, but he went though a long dry spell before he had another big hit. By 1965, Motown producers were passing up opportunities to work with him because they couldn't figure out how to translate his talent into a hit recording.

The breakthrough came when he began working with Sylvia Moy, who worked with him on the song “Uptight (Everything's Alright)video, which made #3 in 1966.

Continued ...


“Fingertips (Part 2)” - Stevie Wonder 1963


“I Call It Pretty Music, But The Old People Call It The Blues (Part 1)” video Live video


“Fingertips (Part 2)” video Live video


“Uptight (Everything's Alright)” video Live video


“A Place In the Sun” video Live video


“I Was Made To Love Her” video Live video Video video


“Alfie” video Live video Video video

“For Once In My Life” video Live video Video video


“My Cherie Amour” video Live video Video video

“Yesterme Yesteryou Yesterday” video Live video Video video


“Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours” video Live video Video video

“Never Had a Dream Come True” video Live video

“Heaven Help Us All” video Live video


“We Can Work It Out” video Live video Video video


“Superstition” video Live video Video video

“Superwoman (Where Were You When I Needed You) ” video Live video


“You Are The Sunshine Of My Life” video Live video Video video

“Higher Ground” video Live video Video video

“Living for the City” video Live video Video video


“Don't You Worry 'Bout a Thing” video Live video Video video

“You Haven't Done Nothin'” video Live video Video video

“Boogie On Reggae Woman” video Live video Video video


“Isn't She Lovely” video Live video Video video


“I Wish” video Live video Video video

“Sir Duke” video Live video Video video

“As” video Live video Video video


“Master Blaster (Jammin)” video Live video Video video


“Lately” video Live video Video video

“Happy Birthday” video Live video


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“Fingertips (Part 2)” - Stevie Wonder 1963 Continued ...

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Image: “ The 12 Year Old Genius (Recorded Live)‎ (album)” by Stevie Wonder


A Test for People Who Know Everything

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PHARAOHS” ($200)

“The face of this statue of Giza is thought to represent Khafre, builder of one of the Great Pyramids at Giza.”

Answer to Jeopardy READ MORE: World

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PHARAOHS” ($400)

“The word pharaoh originally referred to a palace, but in the 18th of these, the word began to refer to the kings themselves.”

Answer to Jeopardy READ MORE: World

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PHARAOHS” ($600)

“Pharaohs were known to wear headdresses with a uraeus, a symbol of power in the form of this snake.”

Answer to Jeopardy READ MORE: World

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PHARAOHS” ($800)

“Near Lake Nasser is the ‘Great Temple’ constructed by this pharaoh who reigned for 66 years.”

Answer to Jeopardy READ MORE: World

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PHARAOHS” ($1,000)

“Thutmose I was the first pharaoh to cut his tomb into this ‘royal’ resting place near Thebes.”

Answer to Jeopardy READ MORE: World

Joke of the Day

Joke of the Day

Joke of the Day

“Bunny Hopping Down The Bunny Trail”

One morning a blind bunny was hopping down the bunny trail, and he tripped over a large snake and fell, KerPlop!, right on his twitchy little nose.

“Oh, please excuse me!” said the bunny. “I didn't mean to trip over you, but I'm blind and can't see.”

“That's perfectly all right” replied the snake.

“To be sure, it was my fault.

I didn't mean to trip you, but I'm blind too, and I didn't see you coming.

By the way, what kind of animal are you?”

“Well, I really don't know”, said the bunny.

“I'm blind, and I've never seen myself.

Maybe you could examine me and find out.”

So the snake felt the bunny all over, and he said,

“Well, you're soft, and cuddly, and you have long silky ears, and a little fluffy tail and a dear twitchy little nose...

You must be a bunny rabbit!”

Then the bunny said, “I can't thank you enough, but by the way, what kind of animal are you?”

And the snake replied that he didn't know,

and the bunny agreed to examine him,

and when he was finished, the snake said, “Well, what kind of an animal am I?”

So the bunny felt the snake all over, and he replied,

“You're hard, you're cold, you're slimy and you haven't got any balls...

You must be a lawyer.”