Old Sailors' Almanac


Week 08, 2020

Previous Week   February 17, 2020 - February 23, 2020  Next Week

World War II: Marines invade Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945

World War II: Marines invade Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945

World War II: Marines invade Iwo Jima: On this day, Operation Detachment, the U.S. Marines’ invasion of Iwo Jima, is launched. Iwo Jima was a barren Pacific island guarded by Japanese artillery, but to American military minds, it was prime real estate on which to build airfields to launch bombing raids against Japan, only 660 miles away.

The Americans began applying pressure to the Japanese defense of the island in February 1944, when B-24 and B-25 bombers raided the island for 74 days. It was the longest pre-invasion bombardment of the war, necessary because of the extent to which the Japanese–21,000 strong–fortified the island, above and below ground, including a network of caves. Underwater demolition teams (“frogmen”) were dispatched by the Americans just before the actual invasion. When the Japanese fired on the frogmen, they gave away many of their “secret” gun positions.

World War II: Marines invade Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945

The amphibious landings of Marines began the morning of February 19 as the secretary of the navy, James Forrestal, accompanied by journalists, surveyed the scene from a command ship offshore. As the Marines made their way onto the island, seven Japanese battalions opened fire on them.

By evening, more than 550 Marines were dead and more than 1,800 were wounded. The capture of Mount Suribachi, the highest point of the island and bastion of the Japanese defense, took four more days and many more casualties. When the American flag was finally raised on Iwo Jima, the memorable image was captured in a famous photograph that later won the Pulitzer Prize.

History.com / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / The National WWII Museum.org / Military Times / National Interest.org / World of Warships / World War II: Marines invade Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945 (YouTube) video

Understanding Military Terminology: At the Marine Corps Museum: Norman Rockwell's “The War Hero”

Understanding Military Terminology


(DOD) Day an active duty unit is notified for deployment or redeployment.

Need to know

A criterion used in security procedures that requires the custodians of classified information to establish, prior to disclosure, that the intended recipient must have access to the information to perform his or her official duties.

Joint Publications (JP 2-01.2) Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations


In space operations, active and offensive measures to deceive, disrupt, degrade, deny or destroy space capabilities being used to interfere with or attack United States/allied systems.

See also Space Control.

Joint Publications (JP 3-17) Space Operations

“Tales of Legendary Ghost Ships - Iron Mountain Riverboat”

The Old Salt’s Corner

“Tales of Legendary Ghost Ships”

Iron Mountain Riverboat

Many say ship disappearances ware the result of some supernatural force, however it is far more likely that each incident is a case of a big, stormy ocean taking its toll on small, poorly-maintained, or simply unlucky craft. But when a ship disappears without a trace from a river, it’s harder to imagine an explanation. And the legend of the SS Iron Mountain is difficult to explain away.

Here is how her story is usually told. This is an excerpt of the version on paranormal.about.com, complete with the picture that’s most often associated with the SS Iron Mountain:

In June, 1872, the S.S. Iron Mountain steamed out of Vicksburg, Mississippi with an on-deck cargo of bailed cotton and barrels of molasses. Heading up the Mississippi River toward its ultimate destination of Pittsburgh, the ship was also towing a line of barges.

Later that day, another steamship, the Iroquois Chief, found the barges floating freely downriver. The towline had been cut. The crew of the Iroquois Chief secured the barges and waited for the Iron Mountain to arrive and recover them. But it never did. The Iron Mountain, nor any member of its crew, were ever seen again. Not one trace of a wreck or any piece of its cargo ever surfaced or floated to shore. It simply vanished.

Some versions go on to say that ghostly voices can be heard near the site screaming “They’re trying to hurt me! Help!”

The Mississippi River was and is the most important naviagble river in the country. In parts it’s over a mile wide and plenty deep enough to swallow a steam ship. Near the region in question, the present day river is about ¾ of a mile across, but 150 years ago she may have been much wider, especially during flood season. It is conceivable that a ship could have sunk rapidly with no one on shore noticing, especially in a time before radio. It would be unusual for no wreckage or debris to be found. Nearly every part of the ship and its cargo was buoyant. The river was a highway, and one of the dozens of other ships also on the river should have seen wreckage or cargo floating downstream.

The shores in that region were dotted with farms, plantations and towns, with frequent riverboat landings to provide the population with supplies and mail and also to transport cotton and other goods north. Riverboats had regular routes, but stops would be scheduled according to where cargo needed to be. These comings and goings were reported in local newspapers. Because of this, we know that there definitely was a sternwheeler on the Mississippi River called the towboat Iron Mountain. She was launched in 1872, and served for ten years. At 181 feet long, she was a giant, and modern with all steel boilers—the first on the river. This was a ship that everyone on the river would recognize.

On March 26, 1882, the SS Iron Mountain was steaming north from Vicksburg towing five empty barges. After she left Vicksburg, the next reported sighting wasn’t of the vessel, it was of her five empty barges, which had been cut loose and were coming down the river, presenting a hazard to navigation.

Such occurrences were not uncommon. The Mississippi is notorious difficult to navigate as the water level changes and submerged objects shift and can’t be seen. A ship pulling barges would cut them loose if there was trouble. This could include running aground or even having an issue with the boilers. Also, the river was in a flood state so severe, it became known as the “Flood of 1882”. It was the largest flood on the Mississippi in recorded history up until that time. This meant that riverboat captains were steaming blind as any obstructions they'd memorized were now underwater, in a different place, or replaced by other unseen hazards.

The next day as men went to survey the damage, they were surprised that the Iron Mountain had indeed, vanished. An extensive search was conducted and while some small parts of the ship were located downstream, the ship itself could not be found.

It wasn’t until several months later, that her wreck was found. Oddly, it wasn’t found on the river, but in a field on a former plantation called Omega. How did a large sternwheeler get off the river and into a field? As was mentioned, the Mississippi River was flooding. Where the Iron Mountain ran into trouble, the river had broken through a levee near Omega Landing. As the river poured through the levee, so must have Iron Mountain, now miles downstream from where it was originally damaged.

With newspapers reporting not only the sinking, but also the finding of the vessel, how did the legend start? Based on the many stories, it seems that they’re all copying each other. The earliest version of the legend was in the Frank Edward’s book, Strangest of All. Published in 1956, this was Edwards’ second book of embellished stories continuing a tradition established by Charles Forte decades earlier. The book was popular, and it’s possible that he was the originator of the tall tale that has been repeated ever since. Books published as recently as 2010 still report the vessel as “vanished without a trace”.


“I’m Just Sayin’”

“I’m Just Sayin”

“A belief is not merely an idea the mind possesses.

it is an idea that possesses the mind.”

~ Robert Oxton Bolton

“Thought for the Day”

“Thought for the Day”

“The greatest wealth is to live content with little.”

“At the touch of love everyone becomes a poet.”

“You can discover more about a person

in an hour of play

than in a year of conversation.”

~ Plato

“What I Have Learned”

“What I Learned”

“A bad day sailing is 100 times better than a good day at work.”

“He who goes to sea for pleasure

would go to hell to pass the time.”

“Time is like a handful of sand -

the tighter you grasp it,

the faster it runs through your fingers.”

~ Anonymous

Second Hand News

Second Hand News: Articles from Week 08 - February 17, 2020 - February 23, 2020

Top News Stories - Photos (Washington Examiner) Bloomberg's 2020 Democratic rivals slam billionaire during his first debate appearanceDo the math: Contested convention increasingly likely for DemocratsSanders tries to 'disown' vicious Bernie BrosHorse-faced lesbian’: Warren rips Bloomberg for his alleged remarks on women

'Hottest celebrity in the world': Trump hails WWII veteran carried into Arizona rallyWATCH: Biden's closing statement at Nevada debate interrupted by immigrant rights protesters'It was called communism': Bloomberg knocks Sanders for income inequality policies

'I can’t go to TurboTax': Bloomberg tells voters to wait for his returns to be preparedKlobuchar: Electing a female president 'could stop sexism''You're the one who is at war': Buttigieg slams Sanders over behavior of 'Bernie Bro' supporters

MOST READ: Michael Flynn defense: Suppression of FISA report warrants 'death penalty' for prosecutionFBI raids company tied to Joe Biden brotherJustice Department picks U.S. attorney to oversee all Ukraine investigations'I pulled a Pelosi': Fox's Jesse Watters tears Donna Brazile's papers to shreds on-air Washington Examiner

Top News Stories - Photos (Daily Mail) Bloomberg savaged over sexism in hostile Democrat debate in Vegas: Elizabeth Warren bashes 'arrogant' billionaire for calling women 'horse-faced lesbians' - but he insists staff just 'didn't like my jokes' Billionaire Mike Bloomberg mocks 'best known socialist in the country' Bernie Sanders 'for having three houses and being a millionaire' after he called for an end to Capitalism Mike Bloomberg overwhelmingly declared the LOSER of the Democratic debate for his disastrous debut and relentless attacks from opponents - while Warren and Sanders come away winners

'I can't use TurboTax!' Bloomberg says he will eventually publish his tax returns and insists he deserves his $61 billion fortune because 'I worked very hard for it'Joe Biden tears into Mike Bloomberg's 'ABHORRENT' stop-and-frisk policy at the Democratic debate as former New York mayor says he did it to bring down crime'Pete Buttigieg is accused of being 'anti-God' by his husband's pastor brother after the Democrat presidential candidate said you can't be Christian and vote Trump

Embarrassment for Biden as protesters interrupt his closing remarks to call him out over his 'deportation of three million people' and scream 'no kids in cages'Billionaire says Bernie Sanders is a bigger threat to the world markets than the coronavirus “The View” Democrat showdown compared to the Game of Thrones massacre after candidates go nastyWhoopi Goldberg tells Squad member AOC she's lost her support because she's bashed and dismissed older generation Democrats 'like me'

Donald Trump praises the Democrats for 'pounding Mini Mike Bloomberg', tears into 'dirty cops' and slams 'dishonest scumbags' in MAGA rally held during the Las Vegas debateIncredible moment Donald Trump turns and applauds 100-year-old Second World War veteran as he's carried to his front-row seat in front of thousands of supporters at rallyTrump calls 'Mini' Mike Bloomberg's 'bumbling' debate performance the 'worst in history'Piers Morgan slams Bloomberg's 'appalling abuse of power' for 'ordering 2,700 journalists at Bloomberg News not to investigate him and other Democrats' - while they can still hit Trump Daily Mail UK

What is a Polar Vortex?

Mr. Answer Man Please Tell Us: What is a Polar Vortex?

Polar Vortex. It sounds like it could be some sort of alien death-ray or an extremely powerful washing machine, but what does it have to do with cold weather?

A polar vortex is an area of low pressure—a wide expanse of swirling cold air—that is parked in polar regions. The one up north can cause some pretty wild weather and sub-zero temperatures in the United States. But it's not a new thing—this low-pressure system is almost always up there.

Sometimes this low-pressure system, full of cold Arctic air, strays a little bit too far from home. Part of it can break off and migrate southward, bringing all of that cold air with it. Just like that, areas as far south as Florida get to experience their own little taste of life in the Arctic.

The breaking off of part of the vortex is what defines a polar vortex event. But it actually occurs when the vortex is weaker, not stronger. That might sound weird—but it actually makes sense. Normally, when the vortex is strong and healthy, it helps keep a current of air known as the jet stream traveling around the globe in a pretty circular path. This current keeps the cold air up north and the warm air down south.

What is a Polar Vortex?

But without that strong low-pressure system, the jet stream doesn’t have much to keep it in line. It becomes wavy and rambling. Put a couple of areas of high-pressure systems in its way, and all of a sudden you have a river of cold air being pushed down south along with the rest of the polar vortex system.

That’s what happened in early 2014. The polar vortex suddenly weakened, and a huge high-pressure system formed over Greenland. The high-pressure system blocked the escape of all that cold air in the jet stream, and allowed part of the polar vortex to break off and move southward. Places as far south as Tampa, Florida experienced the wrath of this wandering polar vortex. Most of Canada and parts of the Midwestern United States had temperatures colder than Alaska at the height of this cold snap!

It's important to remember that not all cold weather is the result of the polar vortex. While the polar vortex is always hanging out up north, it normally minds its own business. It takes pretty unusual conditions for it to weaken or for it to migrate far south, and other things can cause cold arctic air to travel our way, too.

National Weather Service NOAA.gov / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / Quora / National Geographic / National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather.gov / Stanford.edu What is a Polar Vortex? (YouTube) video

NAVSPEAK aka U.S. Navy Slang - U.S. Navy

NAVSPEAK aka U.S. Navy Slang

Knee-deep navy: Epithet (usually friendly) for the Coast Guard or coastal patrol vessels . Also knee-deep sailor, or just knee-deep(s).

Knee-knockers: A passageway opening through a bulkhead. The lower lip of the opening sits at shin height.

Knuckle Box: A medium sized, usually red, rectangular metal box widely used in the navy to move supplies to/from the ship. These boxes seem to have been designed by some sadist for maximum difficulty when carrying them aboard ship. They have small, useless metal handles on the side, and are perfectly sized so that one has to turn them at an angle to get through a knee knocker without grazing one's knuckles.

Knuckle Buste: A pneumatic tool for removing perfectly good paint from steel.

Knuckle Dragger: A member of the engineering department or a mechanic on a nuclear powered vessel. Usually used to describe a Boatswain's Mate on a surface vessel.

KVAR: “Shows up as an apparent load on the system but does no actual work.” Borrowed from the SI unit for reactive power, used to describe a particularly useless Electrician's Mate.


Just for MARINES - The Few. The Proud.

Just for you MARINE

Keyboard Jockey: Person whose job causes him or her use a computer for a length of time.

Kill: A positive affirmation.

Kill Hat: A junior Drill Instructor who specializes in discipline and punishment. See also Heavy Hat.

Kin Town: A small town located just outside Camp Hansen, Okinawa. Also called Kinville or Sinville. Great place to get Taco rice and cheese and Yakisoba.

Kit: Another term for the old wb gear (LBE) when it included the butt-pack.

Knowledge: Book.


Naval Aviation Squadron Nicknames

Naval Aviation Squadron Nicknames

HSC-9 Helicopter Sea Combat (HSC) Squadron NINE - nicknamed the “Tridents”

United States Navy Naval Air Station - Helicopter Sea Combat (HSC), Naval Air Station North Island, Naval Base Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia / Squadron Lineage: HS-3: June 18, 1952 - June 1, 2009 / HSC-9: June 1, 2009 - present.

Where Did That Saying Come From

Where Did That Saying Come From?

Where Did That Saying Come From? “A picture is worth a thousand words”

A picture is worth a thousand words:

Meaning: A picture tells a story just as well as, if not better than, a lot of written words.

History: This phrase emerged in the United States in the early part of the 20th century. Its introduction is widely attributed to Frederick R. Barnard, who published a piece commending the effectiveness of graphics in advertising with the title "One look is worth a thousand words", in Printer's Ink, December 1921.

Barnard claimed the phrase's source to be oriental by adding “so said a famous Japanese philosopher, and he was right”. A picture is worth a thousand words.

Printer's Ink printed another form of the phrase in March 1927, this time suggesting a Chinese origin:

“Chinese proverb. One picture is worth ten thousand words.”

Phrases.org UK

Science & Technology

Science & Technology

Science & Technology

Mountains hidden in the deep sea are biological hot spots. Will mining ruin them?In the world’s highest city, a lack of oxygen ravages the bodyThe secret of static electricity? It’s shockingCommon pesticide makes migrating birds anorexicHints of rain clouds found on small alien worldGlobal warming has made iconic Andean peak unrecognizableSome cancer drugs miss their target. CRISPR could improve their aimRobot detector to map cosmos for clues to dark energy Science AAAS

Bizarre News (we couldn’t make up stuff this good – real news story)

Bizarre News (we couldn’t make up stuff this good - real news story)

Rare, Two-Headed Rattlesnake Named 'Double Dave' Rescued from Certain Doom in New Jersey

Rare, Two-Headed Rattlesnake Named 'Double Dave' Rescued from Certain Doom in New Jersey

Four Eyes, Two Tongues - Can't Lose

Two herpetologists in New Jersey - both named Dave - have discovered a rare, two-headed snake, which they've named Double-Dave. Members of the Nobel Prize committee: The ball is in your court.

Double-Dave is a baby rattlesnake, just a few weeks old and about 9 inches (23 centimeters) long, according to a segment on ABC News. Herpetologists Dave Schneider and Dave Burkett, who work with the Herpetological Associates in Pemberton, New Jersey, found the critter a few weeks ago while surveying the nearby Pine Barrens — a heavily forested area stretching across the southern tip of the state.

With two independent heads and one shared body, bicephalic animals like D-D rarely survive to maturity in the wild; decisions as simple as whether to slither left or right, or which head gets to eat first, suddenly become staggering battles of will, leaving bicephalic animals especially vulnerable to predators. Knowing this, the Daves decided to take the young snake back to their office, where they've been feeding and caring for it for several weeks.

So far, it seems, Double-Dave is getting along with himself in his new home.

Rare, Two-Headed Rattlesnake Named 'Double Dave' Rescued from Certain Doom in New Jersey

Related: The 10 Weirdest Medical Cases in the Animal Kingdom

“It appears the head on the right side is the more dominant one”, Schneider told ABC News. “But every once in a while, the other head will want to go in a different direction.”

Double-Dave appears healthy, though Schneider and his colleagues hope to X-ray the creature soon to find out if it has a fully formed digestive system.

While living examples of bicephalic animals like Double-Dave are rare, two-headed creatures are born more often than you might think. Last September, a two-headed viper was found slithering around a residential garden in Virginia; X-rays revealed the creature had two tracheas and two esophagi leading to a shared heart and set of lungs.

Before that, a two-headed deer was found dead in the Minnesota backwoods, and a two-headed porpoise was hauled up from the North Sea in 2017. Bicephalic animals have even crossed the frontier into space: Last year, a flatworm - a species of worm that can regrow into complete individuals after being cut into pieces - grew a second head on its butt while riding aboard the International Space Station.

The 10 Strangest Animal Discoveries

In Images: Hungry Python Eats Porcupine Whole

13 Extremely Weird Animal Feet

Live Science (08/30/2019) video

Second Hand News

Second Hand News: Articles from Week 08 - February 17, 2020 - February 23, 2020

Top News Stories - Photos (The Federalist) ICYMI: Here Are The Highlights From Last Night’s Smoking Guns Democrat DebateDemocrat Debate Becomes A Blood Sport In NevadaBloomberg: ‘We’ve Already Tried Communism And It Didn’t Work’

‘Horse-Faced Lesbians:’ Warren Comes Out Swinging At Michael Bloomberg In Democratic DebateWarren Blasts Bloomberg For Muzzling Women With Non-Disclosure AgreementsThe Best Tweets Of The Las Vegas Democratic Debate

MOST READ: Panicked Democrat Establishment Turns To BloombergCampaign Donations Show Letter Demanding Barr’s Resignation Comes From Leftist Hacks Pretending To Be ‘Bipartisan’So God Made A BloombergAfter Stonewalling For Days, Democrat Senator Chris Murphy Finally Admits He Secretly Met With Iranian Regime In MunichThe Student Debt You Willingly Took On Is Not My Problem To Solve The Federalist

Top News Stories - Photos (John Batchelor)

The bull market ignores Covid-19 (Treatment of regulated medical waste - Coronavirus (COVID-19), Anthrax, Ebola, H1N1, Hepatitis, HIV etc.). audio  

Court of world opinion of the fragile Communist Party of China. audio  

The Communist Party of China fails the supply chain. audio  

Wealth tax beggars the nation. audio  

Hong Kong hotels are in failure because of Covid-19. audio  

Five Eyes at risk. audio   John Batchelor (02/20/2020)

Top News Stories - Photos (CORRUPTION CHRONICLES - Mainstream Media Scream: (Watch Dog On-Line Publications) OUTING FAKE NEWS OMISSIONS and DISTORTIONS: MSNBC: Candidates ‘Savaged Each Other’ Like Boxers at the ColiseumMSNBC PANICS Over Democrats Not Attacking Bernie; ‘Great Night for’ TrumpCNN: ‘Bloomberg Was Awful’, ‘Titanic, Meet Iceberg’, Fist to His FaceChuck Todd to Buttigieg: You Out of Touch By NOT Being a Socialist?

MSNBC Debate Moderator: 'How Far' Will You Go to Put Planet-Destroying CEOs 'in Jail?' ABC/NBC Huff Blago Had ‘No Remorse’, Ignored Obama Releasing TerroristWORRIED Chuck Todd Plots Strategy: Should Debate Democrats ‘Pull Punches!’MSNBC Nicolle Wallace Show: Bernie Nomination 'Death Sentence' for Democrats

While Virtue-Signaling Celebs Push Bernie, Hollywood Businessmen Like BloombergNew York Times Double Standards: Trump’s Clemency ‘Spree’ vs Obama’s ‘Mercy’ABC Sends Reporter to Africa to Lecture Americans on Climate ChangeABC “The View” Joy Behar Gushes Over 'Star' AOC: Why Do You 'Trigger' the Right? News Busters

© CEASAR CHOPPY by cartoonist Marty Gavin - archives Ceasar Choppy's Navy! “© CEASAR CHOPPY” by Marty Gavin


“Fun, Fun, Fun” - The Beach Boys 1964

“Fun, Fun, Fun” - The Beach Boys
Album: Shut Down, Volume 2
Released 1964 video

In this classic American song about girls and cars, a rebellious daughter borrows her dad's Ford Thunderbird, claiming she's going to the library to study (yeah, right). Instead, she uses it to show up other drivers. Her dad eventually finds out and takes his T-Bird back, but she retaliates by running off with someone who fell in love with her after watching her drive.

Fun, Fun, Fun”” was written by Brian Wilson of The Beach Boys, with some of the lyrics by lead singer Mike Love, as he was much more attuned to teen culture than his cousin Brian. Love told us:

“I suggested that we write a song about a girl who borrows her dad's car and goes cruising, rather than to the library, 'like she told her old man, now.' So I came up with the concept and the lyrics, and Brian went in and recorded the track. And I even told him, it's got to start like a Chuck Berry song with a guitar lead intro, which Carl Wilson supplied. And so that's how that came to pass.”

Until some legal wrangling sorted out the songwriting credits in the '90s, this song was solely credited to Brian Wilson. As Love tells it, the reason he wasn't credited on this and some other Beach Boys songs he helped write was because Murry Wilson (father of band members Brian, and Dennis), administrated the publishing rights and left him off the credits.

There have been many rumors about the identity of the girl in the song, but when we spoke with Beach Boys lead singer Mike Love, he said:

“As far as I knew, there was no particular person that was the inspiration for that song. It was more generic. Because, what kid, when they get their driver's license, doesn't want to borrow the family car and they go cruisin' through the hamburger stand, or they say they need to go to the library, but who knows? [Laughing] Sometimes other thoughts become more attractive.”

Here are the most common stories we've heard about who the girl is supposedly about:

A girl Beach Boys drummer Dennis Wilson was dating. She came from a rich family in Palos Verdes, Los Angeles and used to tell her father she was going to study at the library and needed his Ford Thunderbird to get there. Instead of driving to the library, she would hang out with Dennis at his apartment. Dennis would say, “We'll have fun till her daddy takes the T'bird away”, and this became the hook.

Shirley Johnson England, whose father, Howard, owned the Utah radio station KNAK. Shirley claims that she used to borrow her dad's T-Bird, and one day got caught taking it to the drive-in instead of the library. The Beach Boys spent a lot of time at the station for promotional appearances, and when they heard this story, they wrote the song about Shirley.

The Wilsons' father Murry had very conservative values and felt this song was immoral. Murray served as their manager, and by many accounts was very controlling. He didn't get his way on this one, and was removed as manager a few months later.

Seems like this song deserved better than #5 on the Hot 100, but if faced stiff competition. The week it peaked, March 21, 1964, the Top 4 were:

She Loves Youvideo - The Beatles

I Want To Hold Your Handvideo - The Beatles

Please Please Mevideo - The Beatles

Dawn (Go Away)video - The Four Seasons

The Beach Boys were on tour in Australia when the song was released; when they returned to the States, Beatlemania had come to town, sucking the of air out of “Fun, Fun, Fun” and every other competing single. The Beach Boys song is now regarded as a classic, but at the time it was almost eclipsed by the Mop Tops.

The intro was copied from Chuck Berry's “Roll Over Beethovenvideo, which The Beatles covered in 1963. Brian Wilson and The Beach Boys were heavily influenced by Chuck Berry.

As was common on many early Beach Boys recordings, the group was augmented by some top Los Angeles session musicians. Performing on this one were:

Ray Pohlman – bass

Hal Blaine – drums

Steve Douglas, Jay Migliori – saxophones

The Beach Boys official site / Rock & Roll Hall of Fame / Billboard / All Music / Song Facts / Ultimate Classic Rock / “Becoming The Beach Boys 1961 - 1963” / The Beach Boys

Image: “Shut Down, Volume 2 (album)” by The Beach Boys



● Eminent domain is the right of the government to do what?

Answer to Trivia

● The beaver is the national emblem of which country?

Answer to Trivia

● Which TV character said, “Live long and prosper”?

Answer to Trivia

● Which singer’s real name is Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta?

Answer to Trivia


A Test for People Who Know Everything

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “HORMONES” ($200)

“In female mammals prolactin initiates the secretion of this.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Encyclopedia Britannica

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “HORMONES” ($400)

“The 1990s weren't baseball's sex hormone era, but sex hormones are these compounds of 17 carbon atoms.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Medline Plus.gov

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “HORMONES” ($600)

“Glucagon, which raises glucose levels in the blood, works in opposition to this other pancreatic hormone.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Medical News Today

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “HORMONES” ($800)

“Acromegaly, a disorder in which the hands & feet enlarge, is caused by overproduction of this.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Mayo Clinic.org

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “HORMONES” ($1,000)

“Darkness triggers production of this hormone isolated in 1958, so turn out the lights at bedtime.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Web MD

Answer to Last Week's Test

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “CRIME” ($200)

“Jack McCoy offers you a deal for pleading guilty to Man 1; Man is short for this.”

● Answer: “The Time Machine”. Find Law

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “CRIME” ($400)

“Descriptive term for the act of stealing wallets & other personal items in public places.”

● Answer: Atomic. Reader's Digest

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “CRIME” ($600)

“Designated a crime in more & more states each year, it's using the internet to threaten or harass others.”

● Answer: Cyberbullying. Pacer.org

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “CRIME” ($800)

“Theft is the crime of stealing in general; this is specifically stealing from a residence or other dwelling.”

● Answer: Burglary. Find Law

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “CRIME” ($1,000)

“From the Latin for 'play together', this is people working or conspiring together to commit a crime.”

● Answer: Collusion. Cornell Law School.edu

Joke of the Day

Joke of the Day

Joke of the Day


At Dulac Elementary School, the first-grade teacher, Ms. Clotile, was having trouble with Lil’ Boudreaux, who’s one of her students. The teacher asked, “Lil’ Boudreaux, what’s you problem, you?”

Lil’ Boudreaux answered, “Me, I’m too smart for the 1st grade. My sister Marie Therese, she’s in the 3rd grade and I’m smarter than she is fa sho! I think I should be in the 3rd grade too, me!”

Ms. Clotile had enough. She took Lil’ Boudreaux Principal Thibodeaux’s office.

While Lil’ Boudreaux waited in the outer office, the teacher explained to Thibodeaux what the situation was. The principal told Ms. Clotile “Imma give dat boy a test. If he don’t answer any of my questions he gonna go back to the 1st grade and behave.”

Ms. Clotile agreed.

Lil’ Boudreaux was brought in and the conditions were explained to him, and he agreed to take the test.

Thibodeaux: “What is 3 x 3?”

Lil’ Boudreaux: “Dat’s 9.”

Thibodeaux: “All right. What is 6 x 6?”

Lil’ Boudreaux: “Dat’s 36.”

And so it went with every question Thibodeaux thought a 3rd grader should know.

So Thibodeaux gave Ms. Clotile a look and said, “You might be holdin’ dis boy back. I t’ink you oughta sign him up for de third grade.”

Ms. Clotile was put out. She said, “Not so fast. Let me ask him some questions.”

The principal and Lil’ Boudreaux both agreed.

Ms. Clotile asked, “What does a cow have four of that I have only two of?”

Lil’ Boudreaux, after a moment: “Legs.”

Ms. Clotile: “What you got in your pants that you have but I don’t have?”

Principal Thibodeaux said, “Mais, why you axin’ such a question?”

But Ms. Clotile shot him a look that woulda taken out a six-point buck so kept quiet.

Meanwhile Lil’ Boudreaux replied: “Pockets.”

Ms. Clotile: “What does a dog do that a man steps into?”

Lil’ Boudreaux: “Pants.”

Thibodeaux sat forward with his mouth hanging open.

Ms. Clotile: “What goes in hard and pink then comes out soft and sticky?”

The principal’s eyes opened really wide and before he could stop the answer, Lil’ Boudreaux smiled and replied, “Bubble gum.”

Ms. Clotile: “What does a man do standing up, a woman does sitting down, and a dog does on three legs?”

Lil’ Boudreaux: “Shake hands.”

Thibodeaux at this point didn’t know what to do.

Ms. Clotile: “What word starts with an ‘F’ and ends in ‘K’ that means a lot of heat and excitement?”

Lil’ Boudreaux: “Firetruck.”

Thibodeaux breathed a sigh of relief and told the teacher, “Listen, you. Put Lil’ Boudreaux in the fifth-grade. He done better than me on your test - I got the last seven questions wrong.”