Old Sailors' Almanac


Week 03, 2020

Previous Week   January 13, 2020 - January 19, 2020  Next Week

Super Bowl I: Green Bay Packers beat Kansas City Chiefs in first Super Bowl on January 15, 1967

Super Bowl I: Green Bay Packers beat Kansas City Chiefs in first Super Bowl on January 15, 1967

Super Bowl I: Green Bay Packers beat Kansas City Chiefs in first Super Bowl: On January 15, 1967, the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL) smash the American Football League (AFL)’s Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10, in the first-ever AFL-NFL World Championship, later known as Super Bowl I, at Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles.

Founded in 1960 as a rival to the NFL, the AFL was still finding its way in 1967, and the Packers had been heavily favored to win the game. As 60 million people tuned in to watch the action unfold on television, the Chiefs managed to keep it close for the first half, and by halftime Green Bay was ahead just 14-10. The Chiefs’ only touchdown came in the second quarter, on a seven-yard pass from quarterback Len Dawson to Curtis McClinton.

The Packers, however, proceeded to break the game wide open, after safety Willie Wood intercepted a Dawson pass and returned the ball 50 yards to set up a touchdown. Green Bay scored three more times in the second half, as Elijah Pitts ran in two touchdowns and backup end Max McGee–who came on the field after the starter Boyd Dowler was injured on the sixth play of the game–caught his second touchdown pass of the day. Prior to the game, McGee had made only four receptions all season; he made seven that night, for a total of 138 yards.

The Packers’ famed quarterback, Bryan Bartlett “Bart” Starr, completed 16 of 23 passes on the night. The score at game’s end stood at 35-10, and Starr was named Most Valuable Player. Asked to comment on the match-up after the game, Green Bay Coach Vince Lombardi expressed the common opinion that even the best of the AFL–the Chiefs - “doesn’t compare with the top NFL teams.”

Two years later, the AFL proved itself to doubters by winning its first championship, when Joe Namath led the New York Jets to an upset 16-7 victory over the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III. In 1970, the AFL and NFL merged into one league, as the Colts, Cleveland Browns and Pittsburgh Steelers agreed to join the 10 AFL teams to form American Football Conference (AFC). Since then, the Super Bowl has been the annual meeting of the top teams in the AFC and the National Football Conference (NFC) for the championship of the NFL.

History.com / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / NFL / Packers.com / Chiefs.com / Super Bowl I: Green Bay Packers beat Kansas City Chiefs in first Super Bowl on January 15, 1967 (YouTube) video

Molasses floods Boston streets on January 15, 1919

Molasses floods Boston streets on January 15, 1919

Molasses floods Boston streets: Fiery hot molasses floods the streets of Boston on this day in 1919, killing 21 people and injuring scores of others. The molasses burst from a huge tank at the United States Industrial Alcohol Company building in the heart of the city.

The United States Industrial Alcohol building was located on Commercial Street near North End Park in Boston. It was close to lunch time on January 15 and Boston was experiencing some unseasonably warm weather as workers were loading freight-train cars within the large building. Next to the workers was a 58-foot-high tank filled with 2.5 million gallons of crude molasses.

Suddenly, the bolts holding the bottom of the tank exploded, shooting out like bullets, and the hot molasses rushed out. An eight-foot-high wave of molasses swept away the freight cars and caved in the building’s doors and windows. The few workers in the building’s cellar had no chance as the liquid poured down and overwhelmed them.

The huge quantity of molasses then flowed into the street outside. It literally knocked over the local firehouse and then pushed over the support beams for the elevated train line. The hot and sticky substance then drowned and burned five workers at the Public Works Department. In all, 21 people and dozens of horses were killed in the flood. It took weeks to clean the molasses from the streets of Boston.

This disaster also produced an epic court battle, as more than 100 lawsuits were filed against the United States Industrial Alcohol Company. After a six-year-investigation that involved 3,000 witnesses and 45,000 pages of testimony, a special auditor finally determined that the company was at fault because the tank used had not been strong enough to hold the molasses. Nearly $1 million was paid in settlement of the claims.

History.com / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / North End Waterfront / WBUR.org Boston Public Library / Molasses floods Boston streets on January 15, 1919 (YouTube) video

Understanding Military Terminology: At the Marine Corps Museum: Norman Rockwell's “The War Hero”

Understanding Military Terminology

Naval Gunfire Support

(DOD) Fire provided by Navy surface gun systems in support of a unit or units tasked with achieving the commander’s objectives.

Also called NGFS.

See also Naval Surface Fire Support.

Joint Publications (JP 3-09) Joint Fire Support

Naval Operation

1. A naval action (or the performance of a naval mission) that may be strategic, operational, tactical, logistic, or training.

2. The process of carrying on or training for naval combat in order to gain the objectives of any battle or campaign.

Joint Publications (JP 3-32) JP 3-32, Command and Control of Joint Maritime Operations

“Tales of Legendary Ghost Ships - Legend of the Tarawera, Phantom War Canoe”

The Old Salt’s Corner

“Tales of Legendary Ghost Ships”

Legend of the Tarawera, Phantom War Canoe

On 31 May 1886, so the story runs, a phantom war canoe sped silently across the waters of Lake Tarawera in the shadow of Mt. Tarawera, the “Burnt Peak” of the Maoris, its outline ghostly in the morning mists that a wintry sun could not quite dispel. Eerie and uncanny though it all was, watchers had no difficulty in discerning the craft's double row of occupants, one row paddling and the other standing wrapped in flax robes, their heads bowed and, according to Maori eyewitnesses, their hair plumed as for death with the feathers of the huia and the white heron. To the terrified Maoris these were the souls of the departed being ferried to the mountain of the dead. But everyone knew there was no war canoe on the lake, which had borne no such craft in living memory.

James Cowan, in his Fairy Folk Tales of the Maori, says the spectre was clearly seen by the matakite, “those of the wise and understanding eye”; but confirmation is lent to the story that circulated through the whares and low-roofed thatched huts of Te Wairoa throughout the rest of the day by the testimony supplied by a mixed company of European tourists early abroad on the lake on a sightseeing trip. It may well be that, but for such evidence, the story of the phantom canoe would have remained just another of the innumerable legends that comprise Maori lore.

To the Maoris in the village and on the lake the occurrence had only one meaning. It was an omen of disaster, dire and inevitable, the certainty of which was rendered the more sure by the fact that earlier on the same morning the waters of the lake rose suddenly over its whole expanse, and as unexpectedly subsided again in a matter of minutes. Not that this incident produced any immediate panic. The whole countryside was all too familiar with the perennial menace of Tamaohoi, the fierce cannibal chief of the tangata-whenua, whom Ngatoro-i-rangi, the high priest of the Arawa war canoe, 500 hundred years before, had caused to be imprisoned forever in a waro, or chasm, deep down in the bowels of the slumbering fire mountain. Always in the back of the minds of the Maoris had lurked fears of Tamaohoi's vengeance, and when Tuhoto the Ariki, a violent quarrelsome old warlock placed a curse on Te Wairoa after his tribe disowned him, there were those who were quite certain that eventually he would invoke the spirit of the mountain to vindicate him.

Myth it may all have been, but for the scoffers there is the incontrovertible fact that 11 days after the lake's upheaval and the swift passage of the phantom war canoe, on 10 June 1886, Mt. Tarawera exploded to an accompaniment of earthquake, fire, and flood, and Te Wairoa was one of three villages completely obliterated. The meaning of the spectral canoe was plain. The mountain had taken its vengeance.

So much for the story which might readily be dismissed as just another myth. But in the case of the phantom canoe, there were independent eyewitnesses, disinterested persons uninfluenced by superstition and probably wholly unaware of the particular legend relating to these occurrences.

The sighting of the phantom canoe is best described in Mrs Sise's own words: “After sailing for some time we saw in the distance a large boat, looking glorious in the mist and the sunlight. It was full of Maoris, some standing up, and it was near enough for me to see the sun glittering on the paddles. The boat was hailed but returned no answer. We thought so little of it at the time that Dr. Ralph did not even turn to look at the canoe, and until our return to Te Wairoa in the evening we never gave it another thought.”

“Then to our surprise we found the Maoris in great excitement, and heard from McCrae [a permanent resident] and other Europeans that no such boat had ever been on the lake.”

A second tourist boat on the lake that morning also reported having sighted the ghost canoe, and one of the passengers on board, Josiah Martin, actually sketched his impression of the spectacle. Unfortunately, it is not known what became of this drawing, or whether it is still in existence.

Encyclopedia of New ZealandTeWairoa Buried Village

“I’m Just Sayin’”

“I’m Just Sayin”

“The irrationality of a thing is not an argument against its existence,


a condition of it.”


are more dangerous enemies,

of truth than lies.”

“He who has a why to live

can bear almost any how.”

~ Friedrich Nietzsche

“Thought for the Day”

“Thought for the Day”

“If we could read the secret history of our enemies,

we should find in each man’s life

sorrow and suffering enough to disarm all hostility.”

“We judge ourselves

by what we feel capable of doing,

while others judge us

by what we have already done.”

“Most people would succeed in small things

if they were not troubled with great ambitions.”

~ Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

“What I Have Learned”

“What I Learned”

“There is always,

always something to be

always something to be.”

“No matter how far

you have gone down the wrong road,

it is never too late to turn around

and start a new journey on the right road.”

“Your mind is a powerful thing.

When you fill it with positive thoughts,

your life will start to change.”

~ Anonymous

Second Hand News

Second Hand News: Articles from Week 03 - January 13, 2020 - January 19, 2020

Top News Stories - Photos (Washington Examiner) Blunder or brilliance - Pelosi’s impeachment delay gets mixed reviewsJohn Kerry says he backs Biden because Obama administration “never had a whiff of scandal”Virginia gun proposal jeopardizes agreements with other states

Revealed: Identity of top FBI official who leaked secret information to media100,000 gun owners to fight new Virginia bans: 'We’re not the problem''It's what Jesus would do': Ricky Gervais defends 'accepting' conservative fans

Video shows moment that Iran shot down passenger jet, killing all 176 on boardTrump: U.S. took out Soleimani because 'they were looking to blow up our embassy''I’ll call him back': Pelosi puts House business first as Pence calls about Iranian ballistic missile attack on Iraqi bases Washington Examiner

Top News Stories - Photos (Daily Mail) Iran ADMITS shooting down Ukrainian jet: Gunner “mistook plane for CRUISE MISSILE and had ten seconds to make decision when radio failed” - and Tehran also blames Trump and “U.S. adventurism”White House considers expanding its travel ban by adding at least SEVEN more countries that are Muslim or 'low-performing' to list that already includes Iran, Syria and North Korea

U.S. tried and failed to kill ANOTHER top Iranian military official in Yemen on same night drone missile strike killed Qassem Soleimani in IraqIranian national 'armed with a machete, ax and knives and carrying $22,000 in cash' is arrested just four miles from Mar-a-Lago - days after Tehran put an $80million bounty on Donald Trump's head

Trump told Iran 'do not escalate' in a back-channel message hours after the Soleimani strike: White House sent encrypted fax to the Swiss Embassy in Tehran to stop a retaliation for the general's slayingDonald Trump reveals he will use executive privilege to BLOCK testimony from John Bolton, Mike Pompeo and other loyal aids in the impeachment trial and says Nancy Pelosi will go down as one of the worst speakers in history

Fired Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg will walk away with more than $60 MILLION as the company battles the fallout from 737 Max crisis after two deadly crashes“This airplane is designed by clowns:” Hundreds of damning emails reveal Boeing employees KNEW about 737 Max issues and even mocked the FAA when they appeared to cover up problems

Governor Gregg Abbott says Texas will STOP accepting refugees because of the strain the 'broken immigration system' is putting on the state's resourcesBernie takes the lead in Iowa with just 23 days until the caucus: Sanders tops new poll over Democratic rivals Warren, Buttigieg and Biden following a surge in support since his heart attack

HARRY AND MEGHAN QUIT THE ROYAL FAMILY: Prince Harry will take his time securing best financial deal for his family as he prepares for showdown talks with the Queen and Prince Charles after Megxit bombshell 'I don't think this should be happening to the Queen': Trump expresses his respect for the 'flawless' monarch as he wades into MEGXIT saying he thinks Harry and Meghan quitting is 'sad' Daily Mail UK

CORRUPTION CHRONICLES - Mainstream Media Scream: (Watch Dog On-Line Publications) CORRUPTION CHRONICLES: Judicial Watch Finds Millions of ‘Extra’ Registrants on Voting Rolls - Warns California, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Colorado, Virginia to Clean Up Voting Rolls or Face a Federal Lawsuit

“Investigating the Investigators:” 2019 Judicial Watch VICTORY: Kentucky Removes 250K Inactive Voters – There’s Still More To Be Done

Judicial Watch Sues CIA and DOJ for Communications of CIA Analyst Eric Ciaramella

Judicial Watch Sues FBI/DOJ for Emails Tied to So-Called “Whistleblower”

Judicial Watch's 2019 Year in Review Judicial Watch

Top News Stories - Photos (John Batchelor)

“The factious spirit” of the House Democrats invades the once-upon-a-time reflective chambers of the Senate. audio  

Michael Flynn follows the martyrdom trail. audio  

Shock: looks as though the U.S. has in effect won the trade negotiation. audio  

Liberty in Taiwan, 1; China, 0. audio  

Scattering U.S. fleet threat capabilities. audio   John Batchelor (01/16/2020)

What is Wassailing?

Mr. Answer Man Please Tell Us: What is Wassailing?

Anglo-Saxon tradition dictated that at the beginning of each year, the lord of the manor would greet the assembled multitude with the toast waes hael, meaning “be well” or “be in good health”, to which his followers would reply drink hael, or “drink well”, and so the New Year celebrations would start with a glass or two, or perhaps even a drop more! It is likely that such celebrations were being enjoyed many years before Christianity began to spread throughout Britain from around 600 onwards.

Depending upon the area of the country where you lived, the wassail drink itself would generally consist of a warmed ale, wine or cider, blended with spices, honey and perhaps an egg or two, all served in one huge bowl and passed from one person to the next with the traditional “wassail” greeting.

The Wassailing celebrations generally take place on the Twelfth Night, 5th January, however the more traditional still insist in celebrating it on ‘Old Twelvey’, or the 17th January, the correct date; that is before the introduction of the Gregorian calendar messed things up in 1752.

There are two distinct variations of wassailing. One involves groups of merrymakers going from one house to another, wassail bowl in hand, singing traditional songs and generally spreading fun and good wishes. The other form of wassailing is generally practiced in the countryside, particularly in fruit growing regions, where it is the trees that are blessed.

The practice of house-wassailing continued in England throughout the Middle Ages, adapting as a way by which the feudal lord of the manor could demonstrate charitable seasonal goodwill to those who served him, by gifting money and food in exchange for the wassailers blessing and songs;

“Love and joy come to you,

and to you your wassail to;

and God bless you and send you

a happy New Year.”

The house-wassailing tradition has evolved into what we now recognise as carolling, where groups of people go from door-to-door singing Christmas carols. Some aspects of the original practise however can still be detected in the words of these carols; listen carefully as the wassailers demands begin, “now give us some figgy pudding”, and then as those demands turn to threats “and we won’t go until we’ve got some”.

The wassailing, or blessing of the fruit trees, involves drinking and singing to the health of the trees in the hope that they will provide a bountiful harvest in the autumn. This ancient custom is still practised across the country today, and is particularly popular in the cider-producing areas of England, such as Somerset, Devon, Herefordshire, Kent and Sussex.

The celebrations vary from region to region, but generally involve a wassail King and Queen leading the assembled group of revellers, comprising the farmers, farm workers and general villagers, in a noisy procession from one orchard to the next. In each orchard the wassailers gather round the biggest and best tree, and as a gift to the tree spirits, the Queen places a piece of wassail soaked toast into its branches, accompanied by songs such as;

“Apple tree, apple tree we all come to wassail thee,

Bear this year and next year to bloom and blow,

Hat fulls, cap fulls, three cornered sacks fills…”

The wassailers then move on to the next orchard; singing, shouting, banging pots and pans, and even firing shotguns, generally making as much noise as possible in order to both waken the sleeping tree spirits, and also to frighten off any evil demons that may be lurking in the branches.

As mentioned previously, the custom of apple tree wassailing is celebrated across the country, on either the new or old Twelfth Night. Other ancient wassailing traditions are also practiced each year in London, where the Bankside Mummers and the Holly Man will ‘bring in the green’ and waes hael the people and the River Thames. For more details of these, and other similar events, please visit our Living History Events Diary. Alternatively, check out the video below of the Twelfth Night celebrations held in London in 2013.

Historic UK / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / History.org / Quora / Independent UK / What is Wassailing? (YouTube) video

NAVSPEAK aka U.S. Navy Slang - U.S. Navy

NAVSPEAK aka U.S. Navy Slang

The Jellystone: USS Yellowstone.

Jesus Nut: The assembly which keeps the rotary wing attached to a helicopter..

Jim Jim: The nickname for the computer that aided avionics ratings through Basic Electronics and Electricity (B double E) and AVA's self paced courses.

JO: Junior Officer.

JO Jungle: Pronounced “J-O Jungle” term for the berthing assignments of Junior Officers which consist up eight racks and associated berthing facilities. Due to the [more] lax treatment of officers, termed a jungle because of their constant disarray.

JO-JO:: Pronounced “Joe-Joe”. Derragoratory term for a JO.


(1) (generic name for) the guy who is imagined to be seeing one's partner while one is underway.

(2) Any of the songs (which all have the same rhythm/melody, and three notes) which are “talksung” during a quicktime march in order to keep cadence.


Just for MARINES - The Few. The Proud.

Just for you MARINE

JOB: Junk On the Bunk, a formal inspection of gear that takes place in the squad bay where the gear is placed on the rack in a predesignated order. Also known as 'Things On the Springs'.

JETDS: Joint Electronics Type Designation System, used to categorize the nomenclature of electronic equipment.

JEW: Junior enlisted warrior, E-3 and below.

JJ DID TIE BUCKLE: Mnemonic for the 14 leadership traits: Justice, Judgement, Dependability, Initiative, Decisiveness, Tact, Integrity, Enthusiasm, Bearing, Unselfishness, Courage, Knowledge, Loyalty, Endurance.


Naval Aviation Squadron Nicknames

Naval Aviation Squadron Nicknames

HSC-4 Helicopter Sea Combat (HSC) Squadron FOUR - nicknamed the “Black Knights”

United States Navy Naval Air Station - Helicopter Sea Combat (HSC), Naval Air Station North Island, Naval Base Coronado (NBC) in San Diego County, California / Squadron Lineage: HC-4: June 30, 1952 - March 2012 / HSC-4: March 2012 - present.

Where Did That Saying Come From

Where Did That Saying Come From?

Where Did That Saying Come From? “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing”

A little knowledge is a dangerous thing:

Meaning: The proverb 'A little knowledge is a dangerous thing' expresses the idea that a small amount of knowledge can mislead people into thinking that they are more expert than they really are, which can lead to mistakes being made.

History: 'A little knowledge is a dangerous thing' and 'a little learning is a dangerous thing' have been used synonymously since the 18th century.

The 'little learning' version is widely attributed to Alexander Pope (1688 - 1744). It is found in his An Essay on Criticism, 1709 and I can find no earlier example of the expression in print:

“A little learning is a dangerous thing;

drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring:

there shallow draughts intoxicate the brain,

and drinking largely sobers us again.”

The similarity of the two phrases is demonstrated by what appears to be an impromptu coining of 'a little knowledge is a dangerous thing' in a piece in The monthly miscellany; or Gentleman and Lady's Complete Magazine, Vol II, 1774, in which the writer misquoted Pope:

Mr. Pope says, very truly, “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.”

Both Pope's original verse and the misquotation of it were pre-dated by a similar notion expressed by an anonymous author, signing himself 'A B', in the collection of letters published in 1698 as The Mystery of Phanaticism:

“Twas well observed by my Lord Bacon, That a little knowledge is apt to puff up, and make men giddy, but a greater share of it will set them right, and bring them to low and humble thoughts of themselves.”

Again, there is a degree of misquotation here. 'My Lord Bacon' was the English politician and philosopher Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban, and what he actually said, in his The Essays: Of Atheism, 1601, was:

“A little philosophy inclineth man’s mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men’s minds about to religion.”

So, who coined the phrase? It appears to have been a group effort. Bacon can be credited with the idea, Pope with the 'learning' version and the mysterious 'A B' with the 'knowledge' version.

The number of writers who were stating variants of 'a little learning is a dangerous thing' in early 18th England is probably a consequence of spread in the availability of scholarly works in English. The Age of the Enlightenment, as the period was known, saw a growth in the interest of cultural and philosophical concerns amongst the middle classes.

Discussion of such topics had previously been conducted mainly in Latin and been the preserve of the elite. The sight of the hoi-polloi having views on higher matters wasn't welcomed by those who had been classically schooled - hence 'a little learning is a dangerous thing'.

Phrases.org UK

Science & Technology

Science & Technology

Science & Technology

Study weighs deep-sea mining's impact on microbesStreet network patterns reveal worrying worldwide trend towards urban sprawlRobotic gripping mechanism mimics how sea anemones catch preyGalactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles Phys.org / MedicalXpress / TechXplore

How the Ginkgo biloba achieves near-immortalityTop stories: Hypersonic weapons, acid waters, and interstellar cometsBrazil opens ‘spectacular’ Antarctic research base, but will it have the cash to fulfill its potential?Chinese researchers reveal draft genome of virus implicated in Wuhan pneumonia outbreak Science AAAS ARS Technica

Bizarre News (we couldn’t make up stuff this good – real news story)

Bizarre News (we couldn’t make up stuff this good - real news story)

Dark 'Half-Magnets' from the Sun Could Be Streaming Through Us Every Day

Dark 'Half-Magnets' from the Sun Could Be Streaming Through Us Every Day

An invisible substance permeates the universe, altering the paths of stars and galaxies.

This so-called dark matter exerts a gravitational pull, yet never interacts with light. No one knows what it's made of and it has been impossible to detect until now. But a new theory could finally provide a way to test for dark matter. [The 11 Biggest Unanswered Questions About Dark Matter]

Dark matter might be made up of weird half-magnets, theoretical physicists from the University of California, Davis, said at a presentation on June 6 at the Planck 2019 conference in Granada, Spain. And by turning on a really powerful (as-of-yet nonexistent) electron microscope, we might finally be able to detect them.

But not all physicists are convinced.

“I think it's neat, but not very promising”, said Sabine Hossenfelder, a research fellow at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, who was not a part of the study. “There are infinitely many particles you can invent that may make up dark matter.” This is just another one of them, she added.

“For each of these particles you can do lots of calculations, publish papers and think up experiments, which you can then try to get funding for”, she said. “If you are really lucky, someone will do your experiment — which will then not find anything.”

Dark 'Half-Magnets' from the Sun Could Be Streaming Through Us Every Day

The quest for dark matter

Though theories predict dark matter exists, we have no idea really what it looks like or what it's made of. For a while, there was “a beautiful story” that dark matter was made up of a lumbering, shy beast of a particle known as a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle, or WIMP, said co-author of the new study, John Terning, a professor of physics at the University of California, Davis.

For years, scientists searched for these slow, chargeless particles using powerful particle accelerators. But as time went on, physicists ruled out more and more WIMP candidates - and the popular idea lost traction. Though not completely ruled out, “for the last 10 years, people have been thinking about other possibilities other than WIMPs”, Terning said.

Another theory proposes that dark matter is actually made up of particles of light, or photons.

“In addition to the ordinary photons that we can see, there could be some photons that we can't see”, Terning said. These so-called “dark photons” are hypothetical particles that have mass, but are lighter than electrons. Dark photons would interact - though rather weakly - with regular photons.

In this new study, Terning and his postdoctoral researcher Christopher Verhaaren built on this theory, proposing that dark matter might also be made up of dark half-magnets. These hypothetical half-magnets would be dark versions of the long-sought monopoles, or magnets that only have a single pole, that physicist Paul Dirac first proposed in the 1930s. (Despite decades of hunting, no one's found any evidence for them in nature yet.)

Dirac didn't just propose monopoles, though; he also proposed that an electron moving around a monopole would be influenced by its magnetic field. So, if Terning and Verhaaren's theory is right, and dark versions of these half-magnets lurk somewhere in the universe - and if those dark half-magnets act like Dirac's monopole - they would also leave subtle clues in the paths of electrons.

Dark 'Half-Magnets' from the Sun Could Be Streaming Through Us Every Day

Excited by the sun

If dark matter exists, it is in us and all around us - including in and around any electron-beam microscope we would use to detect it. But to detect dark matter through its perturbation of electrons, the strange half-magnets that make up dark matter would need to have a strong-enough magnetic field. That means that these half-magnets would need to have a lot of energy.

Monopoles that pass near the sun could become excited, gain more energy and then make their way down to Earth, Terning said. He predicts that about five of these excited monopoles a day would go through something the size of their proposed electron-beam microscope. “That's not bad because usual WIMP detectors would be happy if they got five events per year”, he said.

In addition, the change in electron phase caused by dark half-magnets would be so tiny that, in order to detect it, we'd need incredibly high-resolution electron-beam microscopes - the ones currently in existence probably aren't powerful enough. This electron microscope would need to have a resolution that's five times greater than those that exist currently, Terning said.

In any case, we hope to “get these people with the super-fancy electron microscopes interested in searching for this” or we “might have to build another one just to sit and wait for dark matter”, Terning said.

The various competing theories of dark matter would tell us completely different stories about how the early universe formed, he said. What's more, once you figure out what dark matter is actually made of — whether it's light or heavy particles - people could conceivably create dark-matter factories, of sorts, here on Earth. “If it's very light, you don't need much energy to produce your own dark matter.”

The Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics

The Mysterious Physics of 7 Everyday Things

8 Ways You Can See Einstein's Theory of Relativity in Real Life

Live Science (08/20/2019) video

© CEASAR CHOPPY by cartoonist Marty Gavin - archives Ceasar Choppy's Navy! “© CEASAR CHOPPY” by Marty Gavin


“Heart of Stone” - The Rolling Stones 1965

“Heart of Stone” - The Rolling Stones
Album: The Rolling Stones, Now!
Released 1965 video

“Heart of Stone” was released in the U.S. as a single in 1964 when many radio stations refused to play “Little Red Roostervideo, (songwriter Willie Dixon, first recorded in 1961 video by American blues musician Howlin' Wolf) which contained lyrics that were too suggestive for many listeners. “Rooster” was #1 in England, but did not chart in the U.S.

The original version is in mono. A stereo version was released in 1966 on their Big Hits (High Tide and Green Grass) compilation.

The Stones recorded “Heart of Stone” at RCA studios in Los Angeles. It became just the second American hit (after “Tell Me (You're Coming Back)video) for the group that was written by their band members. Per their custom the song is credited to Mick Jagger/Keith Richards.

Jack Nitzsche played piano and tambourine on this track. He was an important behind-the-scenes player, producer and arranger for The Rolling Stones and many other rock artists.

Nitzsche worked with Phil Spector as an arranger, helping create the famous Wall of Sound on '60s recordings by The Ronettes, The Crystals and The Righteous Brothers.

The Rolling Stones official site (100 Greatest Rolling Stones Songs, Rolling Stone) / Rock & Roll Hall of Fame / Billboard / All Music / Song Facts / Ultimate Classic Rock / The Rolling Stones

Image: “The Rolling Stonesm, Now!‎ (album)” by The Rolling Stones



Riddles: I'm not an airplane, but I fly through the sky. I'm not a river, but I'm full of water. What am I? A Cloud.

What am I?

Answer to Trivia

A house has 4 walls. All of the walls are facing south, and a bear is circling the house.

What color is the bear?

Answer to Trivia

Mary’s father has 5 daughters - Nana, Nene, Nini, Nono.

What is the fifth daughters name?

Answer to Trivia

Take away my first letter, and I still sound the same.

Take away my last letter, I still sound the same.

Even take away my letter in the middle, I will still sound the same.

I am a five letter word. What am I?

Answer to Trivia

A dad and his son were riding their bikes and crashed. Two ambulances came and took them to different hospitals.

The man’s son was in the operating room and the doctor said, “I can’t operate on you. You’re my son.”

How is that possible?

Answer to Trivia


A Test for People Who Know Everything

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “THE BRITISH INVASION” ($200)

“This song from The Who's 'Tommy' tells of a 'deaf, dumb and blind kid' who 'sure plays a mean' arcade game.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Songfacts

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “THE BRITISH INVASION” ($400)

“This 1964 Animals song set in New Orleans was both a U.K. & U.S. Number 1 hit.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Songfacts

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “THE BRITISH INVASION” ($600)

“On January 24, 1962 The Beatles signed a contract making this man their manager.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Biography

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “THE BRITISH INVASION” ($800)

“This group made a film as well as a hit song called 'Ferry Cross The Mersey'.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Rolling Stone

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “THE BRITISH INVASION” ($1,000)

“She had a string of hits in the U.S. beginning with 'I Only Want To Be With You'.”

Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

Answer to Last Week's Test

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “SO YOU'VE BEEN INDICTED” ($200)

“We swear, suborning this--getting a witness to lie on the stand in court--is also a felony, as the indictment says.”

● Answer: Perjury. Find Law

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “SO YOU'VE BEEN INDICTED” ($400)

“Whether you stole drugs, diamonds or dirt bikes, theft of more than $500 worth of stuff is 'grand' this.”

● Answer: Larceny. Find Law

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “SO YOU'VE BEEN INDICTED” ($600)

“You may say there is one against you, but you had an agreement with 2 others to commit a crime, so you're charged with this.”

● Answer: Conspiracy. United States Department of Justice.gov

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “SO YOU'VE BEEN INDICTED” ($800)

“You didn't whisk anyone off or ask for ransom, but as O.J. found in 2008, keeping someone from leaving can also be this crime.”

● Answer: Kidnapping. Find Law

From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “SO YOU'VE BEEN INDICTED” ($1,000)

“So not nice you did it twice! Your bogus signature & also endorsement on that draft is double this.”

● Answer: Forgery. Find Law

Joke of the Day

Joke of the Day

Joke of the Day


A Child Asked His Father

A child asked his father, “How were people born?”

So his father said, “Adam and Eve made babies, then their babies became adults and made babies, and so on.”

The child then went to his mother, asked her the same question and she told him, “We were monkeys then we evolved to become like we are now.”

The child ran back to his father and said, “You lied to me!”

His father replied, “No, your mom was talking about her side of the family.”

A Woman Gets n a Bus with Her Baby

A woman gets on a bus with her baby. The bus driver says, “That's the ugliest baby that I've ever seen. Ugh!”

The woman goes to the rear of the bus and sits down, fuming. She says to a man next to her, “The driver just insulted me!”

The man says, “You go right up there and tell him off - go ahead, I'll hold your monkey for you.”

A Boy Asks His Father

A boy asks his father, “Dad, are bugs good to eat?”

“That's disgusting. Don't talk about things like that over dinner”, the dad replies.

After dinner the father asks, “Now, son, what did you want to ask me?”

“Oh, nothing”, the boy says. “There was a bug in your soup, but now it’s gone.”