Apollo 12 Command Module Splashes Down Safely in the Pacific Ocean on November 24, 1969
Apollo 12 Command Module Splashes Down Safely in the Pacific Ocean: On this day Apollo 12 splashed down at 2:58 p.m. (CST) near American Samoa.
A United States Navy Underwater Demolition Team swimmer assists the Apollo 12 crew during recovery operations in the Pacific Ocean.
In the life raft are astronauts Charles Conrad Jr. (facing camera), commander; Richard F. Gordon Jr. (middle), command module pilot; and Alan L. Bean (nearest camera), lunar module pilot.
The three crew men of the second lunar landing mission were picked up by helicopter and flown to the prime recovery ship, USS Hornet. Apollo 12 splashed down at 2:58 p.m. (CST), Nov. 24, 1969, near American Samoa.
While astronauts Conrad and Bean descended in the Lunar Module (LM) “Intrepid” to explore the Ocean of Storms region of the moon, astronaut Gordon remained with the Command and Service Modules (CSM) “Yankee Clipper” in lunar orbit.
NASA.gov / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / Lunar Science and Exploration, lpi.usra.edu / Space.com / NASA.gov
/ Apollo 12 Command Module Splashes Down Safely in the Pacific Ocean on November 24, 1969 (YouTube)
Charles Darwin publishes “On the Origin of Species” on November 24, 1859
Charles Darwin publishes “On the Origin of Species”: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, a groundbreaking scientific work by British naturalist Charles Darwin, is published in England. Darwin’s theory argued that organisms gradually evolve through a process he called “natural selection”. In natural selection, organisms with genetic variations that suit their environment tend to propagate more descendants than organisms of the same species that lack the variation, thus influencing the overall genetic makeup of the species.
Darwin, who was influenced by the work of French naturalist Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck and the English economist Thomas Mathus, acquired most of the evidence for his theory during a five-year surveying expedition aboard the HMS Beagle in the 1830s. Visiting such diverse places as the Galapagos Islands and New Zealand, Darwin acquired an intimate knowledge of the flora, fauna, and geology of many lands. This information, along with his studies in variation and interbreeding after returning to England, proved invaluable in the development of his theory of organic evolution.
The idea of organic evolution was not new. It had been suggested earlier by, among others, Darwin’s grandfather Erasmus Darwin, a distinguished English scientist, and Lamarck, who in the early 19th century drew the first evolutionary diagram—a ladder leading from one-celled organisms to man. However, it was not until Darwin that science presented a practical explanation for the phenomenon of evolution.
Darwin had formulated his theory of natural selection by 1844, but he was wary to reveal his thesis to the public because it so obviously contradicted the biblical account of creation. In 1858, with Darwin still remaining silent about his findings, the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace independently published a paper that essentially summarized his theory. Darwin and Wallace gave a joint lecture on evolution before the Linnean Society of London in July 1858, and Darwin prepared On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection for publication.
Published on November 24, 1859, “Origin of Species” sold out immediately. Most scientists quickly embraced the theory that solved so many puzzles of biological science, but orthodox Christians condemned the work as heresy. Controversy over Darwin’s ideas deepened with the publication of “The Descent of Man”, and “Selection in Relation to Sex” (1871), in which he presented evidence of man’s evolution from apes.
By the time of Darwin’s death in 1882, his theory of evolution was generally accepted. In honor of his scientific work, he was buried in Westminster Abbey beside kings, queens, and other illustrious figures from British history. Subsequent developments in genetics and molecular biology led to modifications in accepted evolutionary theory, but Darwin’s ideas remain central to the field.
History.com / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / Darwin Online.org UK
/ Charles Darwin publishes “On the Origin of Species” on November 24, 1859 (YouTube)
Understanding Military Terminology
National Special Security Event
(DOD) A designated event that, by virtue of its political, economic, social, or religious significance, may be the target of terrorism or other criminal activity.
Also called NSSE.
Joint Publications (JP 3-28) Defense Support of Civil Authorities - Joint Staff
The Old Salt’s Corner
“Tales of Legendary Ghost Ships”
Legend of HMS Erebus and Terror
On May 19, 1845, two ships, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror, departed England and set sail for the Canadian Arctic. Their goal was to travel through the treacherous waters of the Northwest Passage that separated the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Led by Sir John Franklin, the ships were to collect samples and conduct scientific studies along the way. Out of the 134 officers and men on the expedition, not a single one ever returned.
Messages later discovered by a rescue mission indicate the ships became trapped in ice off of King William Island in the Canadian Arctic. Franklin died on June 11, 1847, and the ships were abandoned on April 22, 1848. The initial survivors attempted to cross the ice and reach safety on the Canadian mainland. [See Photos of the Lost Ship from the Franklin Expedition]
Recently, Parks Canada archaeologists found the wreck of the HMS Erebus during the 2014 Victoria Strait Expedition. (Image Credit: © Parks Canada)
/ Cool Antarctica
/ The Guardian UK
/ Live Science
“I’m Just Sayin”
“Imagination is more important than knowledge.
Knowledge is limited.”
Imagination encircles the world.”
“I have no special talents.
I am only passionately curious.”
“A hundred times a day, I remind myself
that my inner and outer lives
are based on the labors of others,
living and dead,
and that I must exert myself
in order to give in the same measure
as I have received and am still receiving.”
~ Albert Einstein
“Thought for the Day”
“I just wish the world was twice as big and half of it was still unexplored.”
“There are some four million different kinds of animals and plants in the world.
Four million different solutions to the problems of staying alive.
his is the story of how a few of them came to be as they are.”
“Cherish the natural world
because you’re a part of it
and you depend on it.”
~ David Attenborough
“What I Learned”
“You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink.”
“You can have your cake and eat it too.”
“You can’t predict the future, but you can prepare for it.”
“You're unique. Just like everyone else.”
Second Hand News (Links to Articles from Week 47 - November 18, 2019 - November 24, 2019)
White House says it sees Democratic hypocrisy in 'witness tampering' claim
• Nancy Pelosi: 'Dangerous' to let election determine Trump’s fate
• Now Democratic House investigating if Trump lied to Mueller in written testimony
Tough Trump asylum policy prompts migrants to enter U.S. and then flee to Canada
• Former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch says Obama administration prepped her to answer questions about Hunter Biden during confirmation
• Prince Andrew publicist quits over BBC interview about dead billionaire sexual predator Jeffrey Epstein
• Child sex predator arrests rise by 18% to 3,771 in fiscal 2019
Democrats don't want public to know origins of Ukraine investigation like they didn't want public to know origins of Russia investigation
• Ukraine “Whistleblower” may have liaised with Vindman over Trump call
• House Republican John Ratcliffe: Democrats 'racing' to beat disclosure that 'damages the Obama-Biden administration'
Trump says he might TESTIFY in his own impeachment hearing after Pelosi and Chuck Schumer dare him to show up
• Chief Justice John Roberts steps in with temporary BLOCK of House Democrats' subpoena aimed at Trump's tax returns
• In Search of an Impeachable Crime: House Democrats investigate whether Trump lied to special counsel Mueller
Tehran attacks U.S. for supporting 'rioters' as it shuts down the internet to stem violent clashes over fuel prices which left 12 dead
• Kimvincibles: North Korean leader poses with paratroopers in 'team photo' during military drills as he vows to create an 'invincible army'
• Ilhan Omar paid $150,000 to married lover's consultant group in addition to hundreds of thousands for other services amid calls for a federal probe
I didn't believe a word Prince Pinocchio said about his pedophile friend and fiend Epstein in his stomach-churning interview - and if he now doesn't tell the FBI what he really knows, then he's finished in public life
• House Republicans demand information from ABC about 2015 report on Jeffrey Epstein that network spiked despite reporter having 'everything' on serial pedophile including alleged Bill Clinton link
Husband 'shoots dead estranged wife and her new boyfriend in parking lot of an Oklahoma Walmart before turning gun on himself when confronted by armed bystander'
• Cops in the Dominican Republic arrest six men in the brutal torture and killing of U.S. teacher Patricia Anton as it's revealed they made off with her plasma TV and $80
Daily Mail UK
CORRUPTION CHRONICLES: The Constitution Betrayed: Schiff's Assault on President Trump
“Investigating the Investigators:” Trump Impeachment Update, Clinton Email Update, & Who is the “Whistleblower”?
Years after Probe Exposed Corruption in U.S. Africa Ebola Aid, Millions Keep Flowing
NYPD Cover-Up: Judicial Watch Fights for Justice for Slain Cop
The Plot Against the President: The True Story of How Congressman Devin Nunes Uncovered the Biggest Political Scandal in U.S. History
2 of 4
3 of 4
4 of 4
“The power to tax is the power to destroy.”
Tales of the New Cold War: Complete: Why is Ukraine corrupt? "Forget it, Jake. It's Chinatown."
Nancy Pelosi controls impeachment with Adam Schiff, not Jerry Nadler.
Brilliant Starlink. NASA chutes sort of work; overall costs: how much ya got?
John Batchelor (11/18/2019)
Mr. Answer Man Please Tell Us: Who Was the “Gerry” of Gerrymandering?
The United States Supreme Court has ruled that it has no authority to decide cases that challenge partisan gerrymandering—a practice in which political parties draw Congressional districts to increase votes in their favor. Gerrymandering shifts power away from voters to toward the parties, and the Supreme Court's decision is likely to increase the momentum.
But how, exactly, do elected officials pick and choose their voters? Their main tactic is as simple as it is unfair. By redrawing the borders of electoral districts, members of a given political party can cram the opposition’s supporters into as few precincts as possible - thus grabbing a disproportionate amount of power.
The tactic gets its name after a man who helped make the Bill of Rights happen, a one-time vice president, and the only signer of the Declaration of Independence who's buried in Washington, D.C.
“A Man of Immense Worth”
Elbridge Gerry was born on July 17, 1744. He was a native of Marblehead, Massachusetts, and both his parents were linked to the merchant business. Gerry took up the trade in 1762 and became an exporter of cod (a profitable fish upon which countless fortunes have been built).
At age 28, he won a seat on the colony’s general court, where he’d come to share Samuel Adams’s revolutionary rhetoric. In 1776, Gerry joined the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Throughout his tenure there, Gerry demanded pay raises for patriot troops, earning him the nickname “soldier’s friend”. The merchant’s integrity was widely admired, even by John Adams (who was notoriously hard to impress). “[He] is a man of immense worth”, wrote the future president. “If every man here was a Gerry, the liberties of America would be safe against the gates of Earth and Hell.”
In 1787, with the war over, Gerry took part in the Constitutional Convention. The importance of his presence cannot be understated. After all, it was he who moved to include a Bill of Rights - an idea that his colleagues shot down. Five days after the proposal, the newly completed Constitution was ready to be signed. Since a Bill of Rights was nowhere to be found, Gerry - along with just two other delegates who made it to the end of the convention - withheld his signature.
A subsequent letter to the Massachusetts State Legislature explained this choice. “It was painful for me, on a subject of such national importance, to differ from the respectable members who signed the Constitution; but conceiving, as I did, that the liberties of America were not secured by the system, it was my duty to oppose it”, Gerry stated. He may have lost that battle, but he ultimately won the war. Thanks in part to dissenters like him, a 10-amendment Bill of Rights was formally adopted on December 15, 1791.
Had he retired from politics right then and there, Elbridge Gerry might have gone down in history as the “Father of the Bill of Rights”. Instead, he’s remembered first and foremost for another, less admirable claim to fame.
“Redrawing his legacy”
Massachusetts made Gerry its eighth governor in 1810. By then, America had turned into a nation divided. Two rival parties now split the electorate: Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republicans and the late Alexander Hamilton’s Federalists.
Gerry belonged to the former group, which backed his successful re-election campaign in 1811. At the time, Democratic-Republicans represented the Massachusetts legislature’s majority party. This gave them enough votes to pull off a rather devious scheme that secured big wins in the state Senate one year later.
The plan was brilliant in its straightforwardness. Early in 1812, Democratic-Republican legislators laid out new districts which shoehorned most Federalist Party supporters into a handful of precincts.
Behind closed doors, Governor Gerry denounced this plot, calling it “highly disagreeable”. Unfortunately, that didn’t stop him from signing the proposed new districts into law anyway. The result was a monstrously slanted election season. Overall, Federalist candidates for the state Senate earned 1602 more votes than their Jeffersonian opponents did. Yet, because of these new precincts, the Democratic-Republican Party nabbed 29 seats to the Federalist’s 11.
The new state electoral map looked positively absurd. Thanks to partisan manipulation, districts now came in all manner of irregular shapes. Particularly infamous was one such division in Essex County. To the staff of The Weekly Messenger, a prominent Federalist newspaper, this squiggly precinct looked like a mythical salamander. Thus, the name “Gerrymander” was born - and it stuck.
The Federalist surge meant that Gerry was ousted from office, but Gerry’s career wasn’t quite over yet. On the contrary, it saw a swift rebound when James Madison chose him to become his second vice president the following year. But like Madison’s previous VP, Gerry didn’t last long. Death took him while he was still in office on November 23, 1814.
Those interested may find his grave in the capital city of the nation he helped create. Nestled inside Washington’s Congressional Cemetery is Elbridge Gerry’s tomb. Above it sits the first monument ever funded in full by the federal government, where visitors can read Gerry’s personal creed: “It is the duty of every man, though he may have but one day to live, to devote that day to the good of his country.”
• Mental Floss
• National Geographic
NAVSPEAK aka U.S. Navy Slang
HAC: (pronounced “hack”) Helicopter Aircraft Commander: the pilot in command of a helo.
Hack: Unofficial punishment where an officer is confined to his stateroom, usually during a port call. During this time, the officer is not allowed to leave the ship (all officers must have permission from the Commanding Officer, or his appointed delegate before debarking the ship at any port call, including their home port).
Hall of Fame Company: A recruit company during boot camp that maintains perfect marks through the entire eight-week evolution; harder to get than Color Company, the company that rates Hall of Fame Status is given three days special liberty, as well as the week prior to shipping out to the fleet as downtime. They are also given the privilege of wearing their winter blue, or summer white uniforms, or, as an alternate, their dress uniforms, for the week before shipping out to the fleet. Hall of Fame Companies are also given precedence above Color Company, and are given the honor to be the first recruit company to Pass in Review.
Haji: Racial epithet for a Middle Eastern individual, or anything Middle Eastern. For instance, pull-tab sodas are referred to as “Haji Sodas” due to their ubiquitous presence in the Fifth Fleet AOR.
Halfway-Night (Submarine Service): Party night on predetermined 1/2 length of boat’s patrol. Tenderloin and lobster, frozen, but good.
Happy Hour: The hour during which the ship is cleaned every day.
Hamster: Chicken cordon bleu, a common chow entree.
Haole: Pronounced “How-Lee” Hawaiian term for non-native. A dangerous thing for a sailor to be around Pearl Harbor, as some of the natives see them as easy targets for crime, especially when local law-enforcement doesn't seem to care.
Just for you MARINE
H&S: Headquarters & Service/Supply Company, much like a Headquarters Battalion.
Haji (hah-jee): Arab or Middle Eastern person or object, from the Arabic term for one who has completed a pilgrimage to Mecca, or “hajj”.
Half-bird: Lieutenant Colonel, as opposed to a full-bird. See also short colonel.
Half-Mast: position of the ensign when hoisted to one flag/ensign height below the top, usually done in respect to a deceased person; also called “half-staff” among non-naval forces. Aircraft personnel and aircrew may also refer to the wearing of flight suits and coveralls rolled down to the waist as Half-Mast.
Naval Aviation Squadron Nicknames
VX-31 Air Test and Evaluation Squadron 30 (AIRTEVRON THREE ONE or VX-31) - nicknamed the “Dust Devils”
United States Navy - Naval Air Station - Naval Air Station Point Mugu, California.
Where Did That Saying Come From?
“Every dog has its day:”
Meaning: Every dog, and by implication every person, has a period of power or influence.
History: This phrase is recorded as being first uttered by no less a notable as Queen Elizabeth I. As Princess Elizabeth, in a letter to her brother and in response to his request for a picture of her, she wrote:
“Notwithstanding, as a dog hath a day, so may I perchance have time to declare it in deeds.”
“This phrase is a rarity - it was first uttered by a queen.”
The letter was published by John Strype in Ecclesiastical Memorials, 1550. It appears that Elizabeth was merely quoting what was in her day already a well-known proverb, although no record of it has been found that pre-dates her writing it down.
John Heywood recorded the proverb in the 1562 edition of Proverbs and Epigrams and Shakespeare used it in Hamlet, 1603:
“Let Hercules himself do what he may,
“The cat will mew and dog will have his day.”
Science & Technology
DeepEyedentification: Identifying people based on micro eye movements
• Study unveils a new supersolid phase in dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates
• New measurements imply dramatically higher abundance of helium hydride ions in the early universe
• Scientists discover group of genes connected to longer life in fruit flies
• China's plans to solve the mysteries of the moon
• New laws of attraction: Scientists print magnetic liquid droplets
Phys.org / MedicalXpress / TechXplore
Bizarre News (we couldn’t make up stuff this good - real news story)
Does Anyone Really Think the Moon Landing Was Faked?
Bill Kaysing was a former U.S. Navy officer who worked as a technical writer for one of the rocket manufacturers for NASA's Apollo moon missions. He claimed that he had inside knowledge of a government conspiracy to fake the moon landings, and many conspiracy theories about the Apollo moon landings which persist to this day can be traced back to his 1976 book, We Never Went to the Moon: America's Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle.
The basic template of the conspiracy theory is that NASA couldn't manage to safely land a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s as President John F Kennedy had promised, so it only sent astronauts into Earth orbit. Conspiracy theorists then argue that NASA staged the moon landings in a film studio and that there are tell-tale signs on the footage and the photos that give the game away. They claim that NASA has covered up the elaborate hoax ever since.
Moon landing sceptics point to supposed clues such as photos that appear to show the astronauts in front of cross hairs that were etched on the camera glass, or a mysterious letter C visible on a moon rock. These and many other seeming anomalies have been debunked, but moon landing conspiracy theories have persisted in the popular imagination.
In the U.S., opinion polls indicate that between 5-10% of Americans distrust the official version of events. In the UK, a YouGov poll in 2012 found that 12% of Britons believed in the conspiracy theory. A recent survey found that 20% of Italians believe that the moon landings were a hoax, while a 2018 poll in Russia put the figure there as high as 57%, unsurprising given the popularity of anti-Western conspiracy theories there.
Ready to disbelieve
That Kaysing's conspiracy theory took hold in mid-1970s America is in large part due to a wider crisis of trust in the country at the time. In 1971, citizens read the leaked Pentagon Papers, showing that the Johnson administration had been systematically lying about the Vietnam War. They tuned in nightly to the hearings about the Watergate break-in and subsequent cover-up.
A series of congressional reports detailed CIA malfeasance both at home and abroad, and in 1976, the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded - in contrast to the Warren Commission more than a decade earlier - that there was a high probability that there had been a conspiracy to kill Kennedy. These revelations had helped fuel a wider shift in conspiracy thinking since the late 1960s, from a belief in external enemies, such as Communists, to the suspicion that the American state was itself conspiring against its citizens.
Moon landing conspiracy theories have proved particularly sticky ever since. To understand their popularity we need to consider their cultural context, as much as the psychological dispositions of believers.
As with the Kennedy assassination, they formed a new kind of conspiracy theorising. These theories reinterpret the publicly available evidence, finding inconsistencies in the official record, rather than uncovering suppressed information. Visual evidence is crucial: for all their scepticism, their starting point is that seeing is believing. In the realm of photo evidence, the assumption is that everyone can be a detective. In the conspiracy theory communities that emerged at the tail-end of the 1960s, the self-taught buff became central.
The moon landing conspiracy theories also brought to the mainstream the notion that significant events are not what they seem: they have been staged, part of an official disinformation campaign. The idea that tragic events are created by “crisis actors” employed by the government has become the default explanation for many events today, from 9/11 to mass shootings. This type of conspiracy theory is particularly harmful — for example, parents of children killed in the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting have been relentlessly hounded by internet trolls claiming they are merely paid stooges.
However, the story that the lunar landings were staged also resonates with the more plausible notion that the space race itself was as much a Cold War spectacle as a triumph of the human spirit.
The 1978 Hollywood film Capricorn One did much to popularise moon landing conspiracy theories. Based on Kaysing's book, it imagined that a Mars landing was faked in a film studio, tapping into conspiracy rumours that the moon landings themselves had been directed by Stanley Kubrick. This suggestive myth is based in part on the idea that special effects had become much more sophisticated with Kubrick's 1968 film 2001 A Space Odyssey, although still far from the capabilities that the conspiracy theories suppose.
Even if they are far-fetched in factual terms, moon landing conspiracy theories nevertheless call up the more plausible possibility that in our media-saturated age reality itself is constructed, if not actually faked.
Live Science (07/18/2019)
“Twist and Shout” - The Beatles
Album: Please Please Me
John Lennon: “...just rattle your jewelry” + Twist and shout Beatles play at the Royal Variety Performance in London (4 November 1963). From the Beatles Anthology DVD.
A Philadelphia R&B group called The Top Notes originally recorded this in 1961. It was a hit for The Isley Brothers in 1962, which is the version The Beatles emulated. Engineer Norman Smith explained how The Beatles version came about: “Someone suggested they do 'Twist and Shout' with John taking the lead vocal. But by this time all their throats were sore; it was 12 hours since we had started working. John's, in particular, was almost completely gone so we really had to get it right the first time. The Beatles on the studio floor and us in the control room. John sucked a couple more Zubes (a brand of throat lozenges), had a bit of a gargle with milk and away we went.”
The Beatles used this to end many of their early live performances. It was always a huge hit when they played it in concert, and was chosen as their opening song at their Shea Stadium performance on August 15, 1965 - the first rock concert held in a stadium.
John Lennon admitted that he screamed the lyrics. The Beatles had to sing loud when they did countless live shows in their early years.You can hear McCartney yell "hey" over the very last chord of this song, possibly because it was such a challenge doing the vocals with Lennon suffering from a cold (he was plagued with them his entire life). A lot of people think that the song was recorded once - a one time shot. They actually did two takes, and kept the first one. John was totally knackered, sick as a dog and had stripped off his shirt to let himself sweat it out, but he pulled it off. The next day - February 12, 1963 - The Beatles played two shows, one at the Azena Ballroom in Yorkshire and another at the Astoria Ballroom in Lancashire.
This was the first hit song written by Bert Berns. He went on to write songs for The Drifters, Ben E. King, and Van Morrison. He died of a heart attack in 1967.
The Beatles, official site (The Official Top 50 biggest selling Beatles singles revealed) / Rock & Roll Hall of Fame / Billboard / All Music / Song Facts / Ultimate Classic Rock / Wikipedia
Image: “Please Please Me (album)” by The Beatles
● How long is one lap of the Indianapolis motor speedway?
Answer to Trivia
● Presidential aspirant Gary Hart was forced to drop his 1988 presidential bid due to publicized allegations of marital infidelity. What was the name of the woman he was allegedly messing around with, and the name of the boat on which the couple supposedly used for their dirty deeds?
Answer to Trivia
● What periodically occuring climatic event translates in Spanish to “the boy”?
Answer to Trivia
● This town in southern France is a health resort, famous for its mineral springs and its bottled drinking water. During World War II, it was the headquarters of the French Nazi-collaborators. What is the name of this town?
Answer to Trivia
A Test for People Who Know Everything
From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “BILL'S BILL OF RIGHTS RIGHTS” ($200)
“According to the fifth amendment, Bill can't be compelled to do this on the witness stand.”
● Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Mount Vernon.org
From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “BILL'S BILL OF RIGHTS RIGHTS” ($600)
“Bill knows that according to the 4th amendment, the police can't search his house for illegal snakes without this.”
● Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer National Park Service
From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “BILL'S BILL OF RIGHTS RIGHTS” ($800)
“Bill got out of jail without having to sell his Trans Am because the eighth amendment prevents excessive this.”
● Answer for People Who Do Not Know Everything, or Want to Verify Their Answer Montpelier.org
Answer to Last Week's Test
From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PRESIDENTIAL NICKNAMES” ($200)
“'Sword of the Revolution'.”
● Answer: George Washington. Mount Vernon.org
From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PRESIDENTIAL NICKNAMES” ($600)
“'The Trust Buster"'.”
● Answer: Teddy Roosevelt. National Park Service
From the Jeopardy Archives Category - “PRESIDENTIAL NICKNAMES” ($800)
“'Father of the Bill of Rights'.”
● Answer: James Madison. Montpelier.org
Joke of the Day
Teacher asked: “If you got 10 dollars from 10 people, mwhat would you have.”
Little Johnny replied, “A new bike.”