First human heart transplant on December 3, 1967
First human heart transplant: On December 3, 1967, 53-year-old Lewis Washkansky receives the first human heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa.
Washkansky, a South African grocer dying from chronic heart disease, received the transplant from Denise Darvall, a 25-year-old woman who was fatally injured in a car accident. Surgeon Christiaan Barnard, who trained at the University of Cape Town and in the United States, performed the revolutionary medical operation. The technique Barnard employed had been initially developed by a group of American researchers in the 1950s. American surgeon Norman Shumway achieved the first successful heart transplant, in a dog, at Stanford University in California in 1958.
After Washkansky’s surgery, he was given drugs to suppress his immune system and keep his body from rejecting the heart. These drugs also left him susceptible to sickness, however, and 18 days later he died from double pneumonia. Despite the setback, Washkansky’s new heart had functioned normally until his death.
In the 1970s, the development of better anti-rejection drugs made transplantation more viable. Dr. Barnard continued to perform heart transplant operations, and by the late 1970s many of his patients were living up to five years with their new hearts. Successful heart transplant surgery continues to be performed today, but finding appropriate donors is extremely difficult.
History Channel / Wikipedia / Encyclopedia Britannica / American Heart Association / Heart Transplants UK / South Africa History Online / Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa / Stanford.edu
The Old Salt’s Corner
“THE OLD OUTFIT”
“Written By a World War Two Sailor”
Come gather round me lads and I'll tell you a thing or two,
about the way we ran the Navy in nineteen forty two.
When wooden ships and iron men were barely out of sight,
I am going to give you some facts just to set the record right.
We wore the ole bell bottoms, with a flat hat on our head,
and we always hit the sack at night. We never “went to bed”.
Our uniforms were worn ashore, and we were mighty proud.
Never thought of wearing civvies, in fact they were not allowed.
Now when a ship puts out to sea. I'll tell you son - it hurts!
When suddenly you notice that half the crews wearing skirts.
And it's hard for me to imagine, a female boatswains mate,
stopping on the Quarter deck to make sure her stockings are straight.
What happened to the KiYi brush, and the old sa lt-water bath?
Holy stoning decks at night- cause you stirred old Bosn's wrath!
We always had our gedunk stand and lots of pogey bait.
And it always took a hitch or two, just to make a rate.
In your seabag all your skivvies, were neatly stopped and rolled.
And the blankets on your sack had better have a three-inch fold.
Your little ditty bag . . it is hard to believe just how much it held,
and you wouldn't go ashore with pants that hadn't been spiked and belled.
Oh we had our belly robbers - but there weren't too many gripes.
For the deck apes were never hungry and there were no starving snipes.
Now you never hear of Davey Jones, Shellbacks Or Polliwogs,
and you never splice the mainbrace to receive your da ily grog.
Now you never have to dog a watch or stand the main event.
You even tie your lines today - back in my time they were bent.
We were all two-fisted drinkers and no one thought you sinned,
if you staggered back aboard your ship, three sheets to the wind.
And with just a couple hours of sleep you regained your usual luster.
Bright eyed and bushy tailed- you still made morning muster.
Rocks and shoals have long since gone, and now it's U.C.M.J.
THEN the old man handled everything if you should go astray.
Now they steer the ships with dials, and I wouldn't be surprised,
if some day they sailed the damned things- from the beach computerized.
So when my earthly hitch is over, and the good Lord picks the best,
I'LL walk right up to HIM and say, “Sir, I have but one request -
Let me sail the seas of Heaven in a coat of Navy blue.
And unfilled shadows heaven casts.
Like I did so long ago on earth - way back in nineteen-forty two.”
~ Lt. J.G Don Ballard joined the U.S. Navy in 1935 when he received $21.00 per Month. What the author says in his words is true. In 1935 only 13 men joined the Navy (from Tennessee) and Don was one of them.
Proudly copied from Lt .Ballard USN Retired, April 13, 2002 , who loved the Navy and all the men he served with in all of World War Two.